Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Course:The Union (Part V) Lesson: Powers & functions of the President Presented by : Ashna Sisodia
Powers of the President OThe powers enjoyed and the functions performed by the President can be studied under the following heads: 1. Executive power:s 2. Legislative power:s 3. Financial powers 4. Judicial powers 5. Diplomatic powers 6. Military powers 7. Emergency powers
Executive Powers All executive actions of the Government of India are formally taken in his name. He can make rules specifying the manner in which the orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated He can make rules for more convenient transaction of business of the Union government, and for allocation of the said business among the ministers. He appoints the prime minister and the other ministers. They hold office during his pleasure He appoints the attorney general of India and determines his remuneration. The attorney general holds office during the pleasure of the President. He appoints the comptroller and auditor general of India, the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners, the chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission, the governors of states, the chairman and members of finance commission, and so on. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Executive Powers He can seek any information relating to the administration of affairs of the Union, and 1. 2. He can require the Prime Minister to submit, for consideration of the council of 3. He can appoint a commission to investigate into the conditions of SCs, STs and other 4. He can appoint an inter-state council to promote Centre-state and inter-state 5. He directly administers the union territories through administrators appointed by him. proposals for legislation from the prime minister. ministers, any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but, which has not been considered by the council. backward classes. cooperation 6. He can declare any area as scheduled area and has powers with respect to the administration of scheduled areas and tribal areas
Legislative Power The President is an integral part of the Parliament of India, and enjoys the following legislative powers: 1. He can summon or prorogue the Parliament and dissolve the Lok Sabha. He can also summon a joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament, which is presided over by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. session after each general election and the first session of each year. respect to a bill pending in the Parliament or otherwise 2. He can address the Parliament at the commencement of the first 3. He can send messages to the Houses of Parliament, whether with
Legislative Power He can appoint any member of the Lok Sabha to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant. Similarly, he can also appoint any member of the Rajya Sabha to preside over its proceedings when the offices of both the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman fall vacant. 1. 2. 3. He nominates 12 members of the Raiya Sabha from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art and social service. 4. He can nominate two members to the Lok Sabha from the Anglo-Indian Community. 5. He decides on questions as to disqualifications of members of the Parliament, in consultation with the Election Commission
Legislative Power His prior recommendation is needed to introduce certain types of bills in the Parliament. (For example, a bill involving expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India, or a bill for the alteration of boundaries of states or creation of a new state) when a bill is sent to the President after it has been passed by the Parliament, he can: 1. give his assent to the bill, or 2. withhold his assent to the bill, or 3. return the bill (if it is not a money bill) for reconsideration of the Parliament. However, if the bill is passed again by the Parliament, with or without amendments, the President has to give his assent to the bill. a money bil) for recon
Legislative Power When a bill passed by a state legislature is reserved by the governor for consideration of the President, the President can: 1. give his assent to the bill, or 2. withhold his assent to the bill, or 3. direct the governor to return the bill (if it is not a money bill) for reconsideration of the state legislature. (Note: it is not obligatory for the President to give his assent even if the bill is again passed by the state legislature and sent again to him for his consideration) He can promulgate ordinances when the Parliament is not in session. These ordinances must be approved by the Parliament within six weeks from its reassembly. He can also withdraw an ordinance at any time.
Legislative Power He lays the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General, Union Public Service Commission, Finance Commission, and others, before the Parliament. He can make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. OIn the case of Puducherry also, the President can legislate by making regulations but only when the assembly is suspended or dissolved
Financial Powers 1. Money bills can be introduced in the Parliament only with his prior 2. He causes to be laid before the Parliament the annual financial recommendation. statement (i.e. the Union Budget) 3. No demand for a grant can be made except on his recommendation. 4. He can make advances out of the contingency fund of India to meet any unforeseen expenditure. 5. He constitutes a finance commission after every five years to recommend the distribution of revenues between the Centre and the states.