Ashna Sisodia is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Course: The Union (Part V Lesson: Election of the President Presented by : Ashna Sisodia
About Me From Chandigarh, India Done computer science engineering from UIET kurukshetra-2012 pass out UPSC CSE mains qualified Keen learner and loves to teach Interests: Loves reading and blogging Rate, Review and Recommend Follow me : https://unacademy.in/user/AshnaSisodia
The Union: Introduction Articles 52 to 151 Part V of the Constitution deal with the Union executive, Parliament, Supreme Court, CAG and Attorney General The Union executive consists of : 1. the President 2. the Vice-President 3. the Prime Minister 4. the council of ministers 5. the attorney general of India.
The President The President is the head of the Indian State. He is the first citizen of India He acts as the symbol of unity, integrity and solidarity of the nation. Articles 52 to 78 in Part V of the Constitution deal with the Union executive. Art. 52-There shall be a President of India. she at
The President Art. 53-Executive Power of the Union Art 53(1)-executive power vested in President. Exercise by him either directly [If house is not in session] or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the constitution [ Art. 74- on advice of council of ministers headed by PM] Art 53(2)-without prejudice-Supreme commander of defence forces of Union and exercise thereof shall be regulated by law. #Art53 (3)-Nothing in this articleshall (a) be deemed to transfer to the President any functions conferred by any existing law on the Government of any State or other authority; or (b) prevent Parliament from conferring by law functions on authorities other than the President.
Election of The President Art 54- Election of President by system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret ballot. **The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of (a) the elected members of both Houses of Parliament (b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States. (Explanation: "State" includes the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union territory of Pondicherry.)
Election of The President Exceptions are: 1. No nominated members 2. No legislative council members 3. Not even governor- because he was himself a nominated post, appointed by President only. 4. No dissolved assembly can take part even if fresh elections are due.
Election of The President Art. 55 : Manner of Election of President there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of the different States *For the purpose of securing such uniformity among the States, the number of votes which each elected member is entitled to cast at such election shall be determined in the following manner: * For MLA: 1x Population of state 1000 x total no. of elected members of assembly (If remainder is not less than 500, votes of each member to be increased by one.)i.e. fraction exceeding one-half being counted as one
Election of The President For MP: total value of votes of all MLAs Total no. of elected MPs (LS + RS) [eg, 776] *Population of state - population at last preceding census why proportional representation? To prevent the exclusion of minorities from the benefits of state. To give each minority an effective share in political life. * Lets take case of " straight voting system"- in USA Candidate getting the support of numerically largest group is elected, although combined strength of all other may far outnumber his supporters.
Election of The President How single transferable vote system works? . Each elector has only one vote, irrespective of no. of seats to be filled up. . Eg. 6 seats to be filled up - he does not cast 6 votes. . But 6 successive preferences - with appropriate numerals against the name of candidate printed on his ballot paper.