Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
BRAHMO SAMAJ BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY 1772-1883 A gifted linguist, reformer, journalist, educationist Campaigned against sati Founded the Brahmo Samaj Believed in Modern scientific approach Human dignity Social equality Monotheism
RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY Believed that the Vedanta was based on reason Condemned the oppressive practices of the zamindars Demanded judicial equality between Indians and Europeans, demanded trail by jury Helped David Hare set up Hindu college 1825- set up Vedanta College Obtained title Raja from Akbar ll . . .
BRAHMO SAMAJ Set up by Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1828 Opposed by orthodox elements like Raja Radhakant Deb's Dharma Sabha Suffered set back in 1833 due to Ram Mohan's death
BELEIFS AND PRACTICES . Prayers, meditations . Based on the Vedas and Upanishads . Against idol worship and rituals Monotheistic Attempted to incorporate teachings of other religions Emphasis on human dignity Criticism of social evils No scripture over human reason ' No stance on karma, transmigration or reincarnation Criticized the caste system
DEBENDRANATH TAGORE .1817-1905 1839: Started Tattavabodhini Sabha . To promote Vedanta based rational, humanistic form of religion Tattavabodhini: truth-seekers Journal: Tattvabodhini Patrika Merged into the Brahmo Samaj in 1843 to form the Brahmo Samaj .
KESHUB CHANDRA SEN Made 'acharya' by Debendranath Tagore Popularized the movement, opened branches in Punjab, Bombay, Madras etc Ideas too radical Caused a split . . . Sen and followers: Brahmo Samaj Tagore and followers: Adi Brahmo Samaj
KESHUB CHANDRA SEN Got 13 year old daughter inexplicably married, with all rituals Followers disenchanted, started the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj in 1878 1863: Keshub founded Prarthana Samaj which focused on . . Education (especially women's) Non-confrontation with the Hindu orthodoxy Disapproval of caste system Widow remarriage Raising age of marriage