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Bharat Net Project to MAA
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Rangu Satish
Verified Educator@#Unacademy, GS Faculty for #UPSC

Unacademy user
  1. Bharat Net Project Bharat Net Project is the new brand name of National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) which was launched in October, 2011. Telecom Service Providers recently signed up with the operator (BBNL) of the government's optic fibre network BharatNet- to take their high speed data services to thousands of villages in India as the Centre on Monday announced the launch of the second phase of the initiative designed to digitally connect 2.5 lakh gram panchayats by March 2019. Bharat Net is being funded through Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF). The Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) was established with the fundamental objective of providing access to 'Basic' telegraph services to people in the rural and remote areas at affordable and reasonable prices. Subsequently the scope was widened to provide subsidy support for enabling access to all types of telegraph services including mobile services, broadband connectivity and tical Fibre Connectivity in rural and remotea

  2. IndiaRAP' In a bid to make Indian roads safer and curb fatalities, the global charity iRAP (International Road Assistance Program) recently unveiled an India Road Assessment Programme (IndiaRAP) that will rate highways' safety levels, and seek to eliminate the most unsafe roads. Since 2010, teams from the global organisation have already undertaken star rating assessments on more than 10,000 km of roads across several states in India The ratings are assigned on the basis of the level of safety which is built-in, to a road for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, bicyclists and pedestrians. Five-star roads are the safest while one-star roads are the least safe. About iRAP: iRAP the umbrella programme for Road Assessment Programmes (RAPs) worldwide that are working to save lives. Like many life-saving charities working in the public health arena, we use a robust, evidence-based approach to prevent unnecessary deaths and suffering."

  3. Tarang Sanchaar It will help clear the myths and misconceptions of the public regarding mobile towers and emissions from them. The portal will empower common man to know at the convenience of a mouse click, about towers working in a particular locality and whether they are compliant to the EMF emission norms defined by the Government. The portal has 'EMF Overview' and Learn' Sections, which provide numerous articles, booklets and videos, to further educate the citizens about EMF and coverage of telecom services. The portal will also allow users to get a tower or base station checked for radiation emission, for a fee of Rs 4,000 There are several thousand studies by WHO in the last 30 years on the subject and there is no proof that EMF radiation has any harmful effect orn human health. Furthermore, Indian norms have prescribed 10 times stricter limits for radiation emission in comparison to global standards.

  4. UDAN At the heart of UDAN is the government's decision to cap airfares at affordable levels-2,500 for an hour's flight-aimed at attracting people from the hinterland. Routes are awarded through a reverse bidding auction, so the airline that asks for the least subsidy support gets the exclusive right to fly. Airlines' losses will be funded by passengers flying on national routes, and State Governments. The Centre has set up a regional connectivity fund, to be financed by levying a cess of 07,500-8,500 on each departing domestic flight on major national routes. So, each passenger flying on a domestic route apart from those in the Northeastwll be charged an additional amount of 50 (approximately).

  5. Prompt Corrective Action As the financial health of banks had deteriorated over the last three years, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has revised the norms for prompt corrective action early last month. PCA norms allow the regulator to place certain restrictions such as halting branch expansion and stopping dividend payment. It can even cap a bank's lending limit to one entity or sector. Other corrective action that can be imposed on banks include special audit, restructuring operations and activation of recovery plan. Banks' promoters can be asked to bring in new management, too. The RBI can also supersede the bank's board, under PCA. -capital, asset quality and profitability continue to be the key areas for monitoring in the revised framework. There are a few indicators for these key areas. Breaching of any risk threshold (as defined for each of the indicators) would result in invocation of PCA.

  6. "Mother's Absolute Affection" Launched last year, MAA is the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare's flagship programme to ensure adequate awareness is generated among masses, especially mothers, on the benefits of breastfeeding.

  7. "Exclusive Hill Area Development Programme" "Elaborating on the new scheme, Dr Jitendra Singh said that the hilly areas of Manipur, Tripura and Assam have a distinct geo-physical entity and are lagging in socio- economic development. As a result of peculiar topography, he said, there is a wide gap between the hill and valley districts in terms of infrastructure, quality of roads, health and education etc. The Hill Development Programme, he said, is inspired with a serious research and deliberation of all these factors.