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Analysis of Manmohan Singh's tenure as PM : Lesson 8
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In this lesson, I have explained and analysed the tenure of Manmohan Singh

Ankit Singh Rathore
LL.B from 'Campus Law Centre', Delhi University. Legal Intern at High Court, Delhi

Unacademy user
  1. Manmohan Singh

  2. Course Proposed flow Prine Ministers Built the India of Today MAGYAR POSTA

  3. Ankit Singh Rathore Graduate (H) in Political Science Delhi University Major in International Law S LA Law from Campus Law Centre', North Campus, Delhi University Major in IPC, CrPC and Constitutional Law Fond of following Politics, Indian History and Culture Loves to Debate on various topics Legal Intern at High Court, New Delhi Follow me on Unacademy at https:/ 1207

  4. About Manmohan Singh 14th Prime Minister of India First Indian Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a ful five-year term As the FM in Narsimha Rao's cabinet (1991 to 1996) - widely credited for carrying out economic reforms which resulted in the end of the infamous Licence Raj system Served as Leader of the Opposition in the RS during the Vajpayee's govt (1998-2004)

  5. Economic Initiatives Reliancing upon his own economic policies as FM which liberalised the Indian economy As PM, Singh continued to encourage growth in the Indian market Singh's government o continued the Golden Quadrilateral and the highway modernisation program that was initiated by Vajpayee's government o worked on reforming the banking and financial sectors o worked towards relieving farmers of their debt and towards pro-industry policies o introduced the value added tax, replacing sales tax Enjoyed widespread success in these initiatives In 2007, India achieved its highest GDP growth rate of 9% and became the second fastest growing major economy in the world

  6. Social Initiatives Prime Minister Singh's government URAL H o Launched National Rural Health Mission (2005) to address the health o ! needs of underserved rural areas Implemented the proposal to reserve 27% of seats in AIIMS, lITs,IIMs and other central institutions of higher education for OBCs which led to 2006 Indian anti-reservation protests Opened Eight more IIT's were opened in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Orissa, Punjab, M.P., Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh DONMESTIE VIOLENCE ACT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT 2005 o o Continued the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan programme, also included the introduction and improvement of mid-day meals Passed Protection of women against domestic violence Act, 2005 National Food Security Bill, 2013 aims to provide subsidised foodgrains to two-third of India's 1.2 billion people o O

  7. Defence Initiatives Singh's government o Amended Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) o Acknowledging the need for a central agency to combat terrorism- created National Investigation Agency (NIA) soon after the Nov 2008 Mumbai terror attacks o Initiated a massive reconstruction effort in Kashmir to stabilise the region o Proved successful in reducing terrorism in Northeast India

  8. Domestic Initiatives Establishment of Unique ldentification Authority of India in Feb. 2009 Passed the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee ct (MGNREGA) Passed the Right to Information Act (2005) Introduction of New cash benefits for widows, pregnant women, and landless persons Passed the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 or Land Acquisition Act, 2013 Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education (RTE) was enacted AADHAA RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT RTE

  9. Foreign Relations Continued the pragmatic foreign policy that was started by P.V. Narasimha Rao and continued by Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee Continued the peace process with Pakistan initiated by his predecessor, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Efforts made to end the border dispute with People's Republic of China o Led reopening of the Nathula Pass in 2006 after being closed for more than four decades Relations with Afghanistan also improved considerably - became the largest regional donor India-U.S. ties also improved that led to the declaration over the nuclear agreement, giving India access to American nuclear fuel and technology Relations with Iran have continued and negotiations over the Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline took place

  10. Criticisms The Singh-led government's second term was tainted by three major scams Coal scam o irregularities in auctioning 194 coal blocks o not auction 194 coal blocks between 2004 and 2011 o initially believed to be > Rs 10 lakh crore, but the CAG chose to keep PSUs out of its final report, bringing the figure down to Rs 1.86 lakh crore 2G spectrum scam (2008) o issued 122 new telecom licences to several domestic companies at a price set in 2001 o led to a loss of Rs 1.76 lakh crore to the government CWG scam (2010) o the estimated loss due to the irregularities was Rs 70000 crore. Terror attacks: A long list of them ending with 26/11 attack. Before that blasts in ahmedabad, bangalore, jaipur, delhi, guwahati, manipur, agartala in 2008; samjhauta express blast 2007, hyderabad blasts 2007 train blasts of mumbai 2006, malegaon blasts 2006, varanasi blast 2006. Both internal and external elements involved showing gross failure of intelligence and internal security mechanism