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Analysis of Atal Bihari Vajpayee's tenure as PM : Lesson 7
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In this lesson, I have explained and analysed the tenure of Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Ankit Singh Rathore
LL.B from 'Campus Law Centre', Delhi University. Legal Intern at High Court, Delhi

U
Unacademy user
ma'am sb best h bs second module ka third chapter samajh nhi aaya. ... use samjhao plz
  1. Atal Bihari Vajpayee


  2. Course Proposed flow Prine Ministers Built the India of Today MAGYAR POSTA


  3. Ankit Singh Rathore Graduate (H) in Political Science Delhi University Major in International Law S LA Law from Campus Law Centre', North Campus, Delhi University Major in IPC, CrPC and Constitutional Law Fond of following Politics, Indian History and Culture Loves to Debate on various topics Legal Intern at High Court, New Delhi Follow me on Unacademy at https:/lunacademy.com/user/singh.ankit 1207


  4. Atal Bihari Vajpayee 10th Prime Minister of India, first for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004. * first PM from outside the INC to serve a full five-year term * Also the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Morarji Desai. When Janata SO government collapsed, Vajpayee restarted the Jana Sangh as the Bharatiya Janata Party in 1980. Announced the Bharat Ratna award,India's highest civilian honour, in 2014 &His birthday, 25 December, was declared "Good Governance Day"


  5. Economic Initiatives Promoted pro-business, free market reforms to reinvigorate India's economic transformation and expansion. Increasing foreign Direct investment Modernisation of public and industrial infrastructure the creation of jobs a rising high-tech and IT industry urban modernisation and expansion Good crop harvests and strong industrial expansion also helped the economy & Reliancing upon the 1991 economic reforms, his administration privatised many State-controlled institutions National Highway Development Project (NHDP) was launched, spearheaded by Golden Quadrilateral - the largest highway project in India


  6. Defence Initiatives conducted five underground nuclear tests in Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. 24 yrs after India conducted its first nuclear test (Smiling Buddha) in 1974. > This test is called Pokhran-ll. Collectively were called Operation Shakti * Kargil War (between May and July 1999), also referred to as Operation Vijay in India, in which India and Pakistan engaged in armed conflict for the fourth time since 1947 after Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants infiltrated into India across the Line of Control. 2001 Indian Parliament attack, passed the Prevention of Terrorism Act against vigorous opposition of non-NDA parties


  7. Social Initiatives *The Vajpayee government launched the famous Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in 2001. Aimed at improving the quality of education in primary and secondary schools Social scheme to provide universal access to free elementary education for children aged 6-14 years. Within four years of its launch in 2001, the number of out-of-school children dropped by 60 per cent. *His administration initiated plans for providing overseas citizenship to NRIs. * He encouraged scientific research and increased Government spending on R&D


  8. Foreign Relations Vajpayee's greatest foreign policy efforts lay in his approach to Pakistan inaugurated the Delhi-Lahore bus service in 19 February 1999 Visited China, and met with various Chinese leaders recognised Tibet as a part of China as China recognised Sikkim, as a part of India China-India relations improved greatly in the following years US prez Bill Clinton's visit to l the visit came barely two years after the Pokhran tests one year after the Kargil invasion and the subsequent coup in Pakistan major shift in the post-Cold War foreign policy of the United States


  9. Domestic Initiatives National Highways Development Projeet Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Approval of the Delhi Metro Projeet


  10. Tenure Analysis Promoted pro-business culture Nuclear tests, Pokhran-2 Victory in Kargil War Sarva Sikhsha Abhiyan &Indian Airlines hijack Indian Airlines flight was hijacked by five terrorists and flown to Taliban-ruled Afghanistan. All demands were accepted of the hijackers including the release of certain terrorists like Masood Azhar * foreign policy efforts National Highways Development Project Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana * In, 2002 Gujarat violence, Vajpayee was accused of doing nothing to stop the violence