THE HINDU NEWS ANALYSIS FOR UPSC CSE 2019 16 DECEMBER 2018 BY AMIT BAGHEL
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BE THE HINDU PAGE NO SL. NO. News Articles Life on the edge: Border units lack basic amenities Govt. says SC misread note Poachers kill rhino in Kaziranga Kalivattam Performance 1 3 4 5 India, Nepal, Bhutan plan joint task force 6 8 to protect wildlife Nations inch towards climate deal at marathon UN summit France, India focus on energy sector What is Deep Earth? Vital cog in the health-care wheel Making India's polluters pay [section-2] Fundamental solution needed to end MSME stress: Acharya [section-2] 6 15 15 2 10
Practice Questions for mains In order to make Paris Climate deal successful, it is essential to create a fair and equity based rule book at the earnest. Comment. (250 words)
Page1:Life on the edge: Border units lack basic amenities [GS3: Security & Border management] Parliamentary Committee, comprising of 29 parliamentarians from both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, laid down 214th report on 'Working_conditions in Border Guarding Forces' and presented to Rajya Sabha. i. Nearly 82% of Border Outposts (BOPs) of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), deployed along the inhospitable and rugged China border, do not have access to clean drinking water. ii. Over 40% are unconnected by road. iii.There are 177 BOPs of the ITBP of which only 24% have a regular.supply of electricity. The rest (76%) are dependent on generators iv.Border roads are critical for security. But only 32 out of 73 roads along the China border are complete, even as ITBP has proposed to construct 96 more roads, v.Several high altitude health hazards such as High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPO) loss of memory, snow blindness, trench foot, liver disease as a result of contaminated ground water are common among personnel.
Recommendation . Committee recommended the modernization of Border guarding forces. According to them there is need to equip them with basic training gadgets and facilities, viz._ modern equipment like eight-lane firing simulator and interactive touch display. As per the government policy of "One Border One Force," the entire stretch along the 3,488 km China border was assigned to the ITBP in 2004, replacing Assam Rifles in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh for border guarding duties. Central Armed Police Forces The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to uniform_nomenclature_of seven security forces in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Assam Rifles (AR), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
Page 1:Govt. says SC misread note [GS2 - Polity & Governance] The government moved the Supreme Court for a correcton Changes sought in the Rafale judgment, saying the court had erred in English grammar to "misinterpret" information submitted to it in a Report of the CAG has been sealed cover note about the pricing of the 36 fighter iet deal. examined by the Public WHAT THE JUDGMENT SAID: Accounts Committee CORRECTION SOUGHT: Govt. The Public Accounts Committee (PAC Oldest Parliamentary Committee and was first constituted in says It was a descrlption 1921 in the wake of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms of the procedure which is followed and should read, "report of the CAG Is examined by the PAC . Consists of not more than_22 members of which 15 members are elected from_Lok Sabha; Not more_than 7_members of The judgment sald, "Only a redacted portion of the report was placed before Partiament," whle k should read "s placed before Partlament A Minister in the government is not eligible to be elected as a member of PAC.
Page 6:Poachers kill rhino in Kaziranga[GS3 Environment ] The greater one-horned rhino (or "Indian rhino") is the largest of the rhino species It is included in Schedule 1(Part 1) of Wildlife Protect Act 1972, having highest protection under Indian Law Vulnerable Kaziranga National Park: In Assam, was formed in 1908; re Wildlif and notified as Kaziranga National Park in 1974 under the Wildlife (Pro tion) Act, 197 In 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Recognized as an Important Bird Area by_ BirdLife International for the conservation of avifaunal species namely the Eastern Swamp Deer
WILDLIFE OF KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK B U T N ARUNACHAT PRADESH 3 Jorhat (airport) 2 Kaziranga N.P. 1 Guwahati Cairport) NACAI AND ASSAM Source: Greener Pastures :
Page 8:Kaliyattam Performance[GS1 - Culture] Dance of fire Ritual art: Theyyam Kandanar Kelan, a deity based on the legend of an archer-farmer, braves the blazing flames in an hour-long ritualistic frenzy during a Kaliya ttam performance at the Kalathil Tharavadu Dharma Daiva Temple in Kannur. .THULASIKAKKAT
Kaliyattam Performance Kaliyattam is also known_ as Theyyam. It is a folk theatre form_of Kerala. It is performed in temple, sacred groves, village shrines as a form of ancestor worship. . Usually performed in Northern Kerala (Kannur and Kasargod) and People wear colorful costumes, do elaborate makeup and wear headgears of 5ft to bft. I . The dance or invocation is generally performed in front of the village shrine. It is also performed in the houses as ancestor-worship with elaborate rites and rituals. It is performed by caste - Malayan, Vannan and other tribes and communities
Location of Kanchenjunga Transboundary Landscape Kanchenjunga TransboundaryGhis Landscape KBR Khangchendzonga Biosphere R SNP Singhalila National Park TSNR Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve CHINA KCA KBR Punakha NEP Paro Wangdue Prodrang HUTAN Ramechhap TSNR llam BANGLADESH Legend Legend . Cities 150 0 50 100 Kanchenjunga TL . Cities Kilometres Kilometres Protected Area Bxoundanies are for guidance only and do not emply any opinion concerning the legal status of any country or terrtory or the deimitation of ts frontiers or boundaries Map prepared by ICIMOD, 2013 Source: ResearchGate
The_document sets a_way to_decide_ on_new,_more_ambitious targets from 2025 onwards, from the current commitment to mobilize US$100 billion per year as of 2020 . Another notable achievement of these negotiations is that nations agreed on how to collectively assess the effectiveness of climate action in 2023, and how to monitor and report progress on the development and transfer of technology. Article 6: the one major matter nations couldn't find consensus on . Ultimately, the negotiations tripped on one key issue which will be back on the table at the next UN climate change conference,COP25, set to take place in Chile .This is the matter known in specialized circles as "Article 6," regarding the so-called goals. Done through "carbon markets" or "carbon trading", which enables countries to trade their emissions allowances.
Page 15:Vital cog in the health-care wheel [Prelims & GS3: Science & Tech ] The health-care landscape in India is getting transformed at a blistering pace. . A significant contribution is being made by biomedical engineers, who are at the core of all patient safety measures India, which was the host of the_Fourth edition of the_WHO WorldHealth Organisation) Global Forum on Medical Devices' at Visakhapatnam, December 13-15, is also witnessin focus on the lack of adverse-event reportin The forum also demonstrated India's commitment towards improved access to safe. effective,_innovative,_quality_medical_devices and _diagnostics a contribution to Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Health Goals The event also talked about the need for medical equipment maintenance strategies, methodology for the design of health technologies and regulations of medical devices g a tirade against the quality of health-care equipment, with a special
What's the worry? The Global Health Observatory_data repository notes that the density of biomedical engineers and technicians in India per thousand of population decreased from 0.32 (2014) to 0.31 (2015) to 0.23 (2017) This is an alarming trend, especially when WHO estimates that less than half of all medical equipment in developing countries is usable The numbers highlight the need for more such engineers, who affirm the safety of a medical device by ensuring that they are safe, have quality and effective for the intended purpose. The future The Government of India, through its programme called the Biomedical Equipment Management andMaintenance Programme, aims to improve the functionality of medical equipment in public health facilities However, the dearth of biomedical engineers is still a major challenge, which is what the WHO global forum attempted to address.
Business Page 7:Fundamental solution needed to end MSME stress: Acharya [GS3] MSME have been badly hit by demonetisation and hence the government advised RBl to consider a debt restructuring scheme of standard loans upto Rs. 25 crore The deputy governor reiterated setting up of a public credit registry (PCR, regulated by RBI What is PCR? . A public credit registry is an information repository that collates all loan information of individuals and corporate borrowers. A credit repository helps banks distinguish between a bad and a good borrower and accordingly offer attractive interest rates to good borrowers and higher interest rates to bad borrowers. The move is based on the recommendations of a committee, headed by YM. Deosthalee. Benefits of PCR PCR will address issues such as information asymmetry, improve access to credit and strengthen the credit culture among consumers
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UPSC 2018 mains; Doing 'The Hindu Newspaper Analysis' since June,2017. YouTube- Gurukul Prime.