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United Nation and its organisations (in Odia)
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United Nation and its organisations (in Odia)

Deepak Rout
*educator, M-Tech ( mechanical )IIT Madras. IIM Bangalore (MBA),OPSC interview , UPSC Main, Founder of Kalinga Ias academy .

Unacademy user
mam please also provide s.p. bakshi book's series thanks mam

  2. About me M-Tech (Mechanical) from IIT Madras unacademy Appeared Odisha civil service interview 'Written UPSC main Currently working as IT Professional in Bengaluru.

  3. UNITED NATION AND ITS ORGANS The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the World War ll Its charter was signed in San Francisco on June 26, 1945 and came into existence on October 24, 1945 after 51 countries have signed the charter Its predecessor, the League of Nations, created by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was disbanded in 1946. Its mission is to maintain international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. Headquarter - New York Official Languages Arabic, English French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian

  4. UNITED NATION AND ITS ORGANS Indian Members in the UN Soumya Swaminathan, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), was appointed the deputy director general for programmes at the WHO very recently. An Indian Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected as a judge to the International Court of Justice (ICJ). International law expert Neeru Chadha was elected to a top UN judicial body, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) By Deepak Rout IITM

  5. United Nation Security Council (UNSC) * The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of International peace and security. The council has 15 members: 5 Permanent Us, UK, Russia, France and China and 10 members elected by the General Assembly for 2-year terms. *Present ten non-permanent members (with end of term date) are Bolivia (2018) C te d'lvoire (2019), Equatorial Guinea (2019), Ethiopia (2018), Kazakhstan (2018), Kuwait (2019), Netherlands (2018), Peru (2019), Poland (2019), and Sweden (2018) While other organs of the UN can only make -recommendationsl| to member states, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions on member states. By Deepak Rout IITM

  6. United Nation Security Council (UNSC) All the members have one vote and permanent members have veto power. Decisions on procedural matters should have vote of at least 9 of the 15 members and decision on substantive matters require nine votes and the absence of negative vote by any of the 5 permanent members The presidency of the Security Council rotates alphabetically each month G4 Nations 4 countries bids for permanent seats in UNSC. They are Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan Uniting for Consensus (Coffee Club) These are group of countries who are opposing the expansion of permanent seats in the United Nations Security Council under the leadership of Italy Other Members in Coffee Club Spain, Maltay San Marino , Pakistan , South

  7. 9. United Nations was formed in the year: (A) 1944 (B) 1945 (C) 1947 (D) 1949 The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the World War II, . came into existence on October 24, 1945 " Headquarter - New York Official Languages - Arabic, English, French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian Solution: B ' Members - 193 (Latest Member South Sudan) 'Secretary General Antonio Guterres (Portugal)

  8. (b) Who are the permanent members of UN OAS 2017/10M Security Council ?. Justify India's efforts for Permanent Membership in UN Security Council. (c) UN Reforms OAS 2016/10M Claim of India to be a permanent member in the Security Council (a) OAS 2011/5M Examine the structure and the significance of UNSC (c) OAS 2015/20M 20 What is democratization of the United Nations? If it is done, then what are India's prospects to be incorporated as a permanent member of the Security Council ? 60 By Deepak Rout IITM

  9. How is the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference where in the agreements were signed to set up IBRD, GATT and IME, commonly known? [2008] Bandung Conference Bretton Woods Conference Versailles Conference Yalta Conference (a) (b) (c) (d) By Deepak Rout IITM

  10. International Court of Justice I An Indian Justice Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected as a judge to the International Court of Justice (IC]) India recently won the plea against Pakistan to grant counsellor access to Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav and ICJ has directed to Pakistan to stop carrying out the execution of Jadhav By Deepak Rout IITM

  11. International Court of Justice It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. D lts seat is at the Peace Palace in the Hague (Netherlands) * It is the only one of the principal organs of the United Nations not located in New York. 0 It settles legal disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to the United Nations and its specialized agencies. It hears cases related to war crimes, illegal state interference, ethnic cleansing, and other issues O Presiding over the ICJ, or-world courtl are fifteen judges elected to nine-year terms by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. A candidate needs to get an absolute majority in both the chambers i.e. the UNGA and the UNSC, to get elected. within the court. Five judges elected every three years to ensure continuity By Deepak Rout ITM

  12. International Labour Organisation The International Labour Organisation was created in 1919 by the Versailles Peace Treaty ending World War . After the demise of the League of Nations, the ILO became the first specialized agency associated with the UN. The organization has 187 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands (a nation in the South Pacific, with political links to New Zealand lts secretariat is located in Geneva, Switzerland. lt is responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards Unlike other United Nations specialized agencies, the International Labour Organization has a tripartite governing structure representing governments, employers, and workers. By Deepak Rout ITM

  13. International Labour Organisation India has recently ratified two key ILO global conventions - Convention 138 and Convention 182 on combating child labour. D With this, India has ratified six out of eight core ILO conventions. l Convention 138 calls for the minimum age for employment to be not less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling. In the case of India, it is 14 years according to the RTE act. Convention 182 penalises and prohibits the worst form of child labour. By Deepak Rout IITM

  14. WORLD BANK REPORTS Global Economic Prospect (GEP) Report Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Index Ease of Living Index Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2016 Report point jump) Global Financial Development Report India's Rank: 35/160 (54 in 2014, 19 Global Investment Competitiveness Report 2017 By Deepak Rout IITM

  15. WTO Location: Geneva, Switzerland Established 1 January 1995 Created by: Uruguay Round negotiations (1986-94) Membership 160 countries (on 26 June 2014) Secretariat staff: 640 Head: Roberto Azev do (Director-Ge neral) Functions Administering WTO trade agreements Forum for trade negotiations Handling trade disputes Monitoring national trade policies Technical assistance and training for developing countries Cooperation with other international organizations By Deepak Rout IITM

  16. WTO publish World Trade Outlook Indicator The WTO officially commenced under the Marrakesh Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 'The 11th biennial ministerial conference was recently held in Buenos Aires, Argentina By Deepak Rout IITM

  17. WEF The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. It was established in 1971 as a not-for-profit foundation and is headquartered in colony, Switzerland. It is independent, impartial and not tied to any special interests. It strives in all its efforts to demonstrate entrepreneurship in the global public interest while upholding the highest standards of governance. The forum members are world's 1,000 leading companies %. It provides a platform for the world's 1,000 leading companies to shape a better By Deepak Rout ITM future

  18. UNESCO UNESCO UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO has declared a contested shrine in Hebron city as an endangered Palestinian heritage site Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity added -Kumbh Mela as an intangible heritage. 'Kumbh Mela is the largest congregation of pilgrims in the planet, held once in every 12 years in 4 places - Haridwar, Allahabad, Ujjain and Nashik Chennai has been recently included in the list of UCCN for its rich musical tradition

  19. 8. The Headquarters of UNESCO is located at: (A) Rome (B) Paris (C) Madrid (D) London Solution: B