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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India SIVA PRASAD
About Me . Bachelors and Masters in Physics from Indian Institute of Science (ISc), Bangalore .INSPIRE Scholar, DST Govt. of India Interested in Physics, current affairs, economics.... . Physicist, Blogger, Teacher.... Wrote UPSC CSE Mains 2017 Research Publication in Journal of Applied Physics
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization . It is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. .Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members.
UNESCO . UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/ information bUNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information". 03 It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group
World Heritage Site A World Heritage Site is a place on earth having a special cultural or physical significance and outstanding universal value to the humanity. It may be a building, a city, a complex, a desert, a forest, an island, a lake, a monument, or a mountain. They have been inscribed on the World Heritage List to be protected for future generations to appreciate and enjoy.
How are WHS listed . A world Heritage site is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). . The International World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee establishes the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. . The World Heritage Committee is responsible for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, that defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties. It is composed of 21 state parties which are elected by the General Assembly of States Parties for a four-year term.
Selection of WHS . The site is first nominated by the respective government of a country . The site should have an Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) for World Heritage nomination . To determine the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) for World Heritage nomination, there are ten enlisted criteria and he proposed nomination must satisfy at least one of these ten criteria. . The Nomination is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. . These bodies then make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee. . The Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List
Criteria for determining OUV . To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius; to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design; to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared; to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history to be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;
Criteria for determining OUV to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria. to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance; to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features; to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.
Benefits of being designated WHS . When a site is inscribed on the World Heritage List, the resulting prestige often helps raise awareness among citizens and governments for heritage preservation. Greater awareness leads to a general rise in the level of the protection and conservation given to heritage properties. A country may also receive financial assistance and expert advice from the World Heritage Committee to support activities for the preservation of its sites. The site will also get immediate international recognition which boosts the tourism of the country
WHS in India Dev of te Jantar Gaya Rani i va Park Aanta CavgElora Caves Ghats and Ghats Kerala
Archaeological Survey of India . The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is an attached office in thee Ministry of Culture. It was set up in 1861 with the primary object of surveying antiquarian remains in this country and their study. . . ASI's function is to "explore, excavate, conserve, preserve and protect the monuments and sites of National & International Importance."