GEOGRAPHY NATURAL VEGETATION TROPICAL EVERGREEN FOREST
Another Name of this forest is Tropical Rain Forest Evergreen forests are found on the eastern and western slopes of the Western Ghats in states such as Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Maharashtra They are also found in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland, Tripura, Meghalaya, West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar Islands They are also found in hills of Jaintia and Khasi
The tropical evergreen forests are usually found in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and having a temperature of 15-30 degrees Celsius They occupy about 7% of the earth's surface They are found mostly near the equator within the area bounded by latitudes 23.5 degrees N and 23.5degrees S >These forests are dense and multi-layered. They harbour many types of plants and animals
The trees are evergreen as there is no period of drought They are mostly tall and hardwood Leaves are broad and give out excess water through evapo-transpiration Trees reach great heights up to 60 metres or even above
Some of the trees found in Indian Tropical Forests are rosewood, mahogany and ebony. Bamboos and reeds are also common Around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests It has been estimated that there may be many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms still undiscovered in tropical rainforests
Common animals found in these forests are elephants, monkey, lemur and deer The one horned rhinoceros are found in the jungles of Assam and West Bengal Tropical rainforests have been called the "jewels of the Earth" and the "world's largest pharmacy" because over one quarter of natural medicines have been discovered there
Major Rainforests oympic Rainforest (temperate) Rainforests of Southeast Asia North America Europe naia Africa Rainforests or Central America rica eustrale Congo River Basin Rainforest Amazon Rainforest aterctic Aiadagascar Rainforest
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