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Totalitarianism - Facism & Nazism
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The lesson deals with the Various features of Fascism and Nazism as forms of totalitarian states.

Danish Khatana
Masters in Biotechnology IIT JAM 2011 (AIR - 479) CSIR NET Life Sciences 2012, DBT JRF 2015, UGC NET Socio - 2018

U
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  1. HISTORY OF THE WORLD Presented by DANISH KHATANA


  2. UPSC Syllabus says History of the World will include Events from 18th century Industrial Revolution WorldWars Redrawing of national boundaries Colonization , Decolonization Political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism,Socialism etc. - their forms and effect on the society


  3. TOTALITARIANISM Presented by DANISH KHATANA


  4. FASCISM Extreme nationalism A totalitarian system of government A one party state was essential Economic self-sufficiency (Autarchy) Multiple strength and violence integral part


  5. Mussolini introduced the fascist sate All parties except the fascists were suppressed Changes in local government Censorship Education supervised Employment policies


  6. Fascism for the Italians - Boon or Bane Initial Benefits Industry encouraged with government subsidies A programme of land reclamation launched An impressive public work programme deigned The after work organisation A virile foreign policy Problems continued # Basic shortage of raw material Battle of Wheat Italy had a strong currency The great depression Failing of regime of social services Insufficient and corrupt regime


  7. NAZISM National unity, full employment * Overthrow the Versailles Settlement Nazi private army Encouragement by wealthy landowners and industrialists Hitler's extraordinary political abilities The striking contrast- restoration of national pride Fear of communism and Socialism


  8. NationalSocialism Way of life dedicated to rebirth of nation Ruthlessly efficient organisation of all aspects Organized on military footing Race theory-Vitally important


  9. Popular Hitler policies for German people Great wave of enthusiasm & anticipation Hitler successful in eliminating unemployment Support of workers Wealthy industrialists Farmers-in a specially favoured position Brilliant success of Hitler policy


  10. FASCISM & NAZISM SIMILARITIES Both Anti-communist Italian system less brutal Vs Organised a totalitarian state DIFFERENCES German Italian less self reliant Vs German Initially Italians not as much Self sufficient country anti-Jewish or racist as Germans Supremacy of the state Constitutional positions different