POLICEREFORMS THE NEED PRESENTED BY ANISH
WHY DO WE NEED PoLICE REFORMS? Good Law and order is a critical factor to ensure good economic growth. According to a recent estimate, crime, terrorism and external threats take a huge toll on economic growth and that these cost India 9% of its GDP, which is a very high figure compared to China (496) and Japan (3%). Rise in private security agencies etc. shows for the growing lack of trust in the state police Heavy burden on the police- VIP security, Insurgency adds to existing burdern Complex security challenges of terrorism.
PROBLEMS IN EXISTING POLICING SYSTEM . Police to citizens ratio currently is 192 per 1 lakh people. Globally recommended is 220 Until recently police was governed by 1861 Police Act. Since the law was made in the aftermath of the 1857, it naturally designed a force that would serve the ruler and keep the subjects subjugated. . In 1902, AHL Fraser Commission noted- "The police force is far from efficient, it is defective in training and organisation, it is inadequately supervised, it is generally regarded as corrupt and oppressive, and it has utterly failed to secure the confidence and cordial cooperation of the people."
PROBLEMS IN EXISTING POLICING SYSTEM It also went on to say. "The police force throughout the country is in a most unsatisfactory condition, that abuses are common everywhere, that this involves great injury to the people and discredit to the government, and that radical reforms are urgently necessary." Vohra Committee on Criminalisation of Politics in 1993 observed that there was the nexus that developed between criminals, politicians, bureaucrats and policemen, and the mafia started "virtually running a parallel government, pushing the state apparatus into irrelevance" .
PROBLEMS IN EXISTING POLICING SYSTEM Lack of proper training Outdated arms and equipment. [Mumbai terror attack] Police core infrastructure issues- The CAG report stated that the Police Telecommunication Network (POLNET), which is used in crime investigation and transmission of crime related data, is non-functional in certain States. Forensic facilities are hopelessly inadequate in all the states Associated Infrastructure- Housing, Budget etc.
PROBLEMS IN EXISTING POLICING SYSTEM . Manpower shortage-State police forces had 24% vacancies 86% of force in constabulary with low promotional opportunity Overburdening of work not only reduces the effectiveness and efficiency of the police personnel but also leads to psychological distress. Internal functioning of Police is not fair and transparent. Lack of faith in Police- Public complaints are not addressed properly and low police accountability- Fake encounter cases, Custody deaths etc.
PROBLEMS IN EXISTING POLICING SYSTEM 21st Century Challenges- Cyber crime, Cyberwarfare, terror attacks etc. 4th Generation Warfare- characterized by a blurring of the lines between war and politics, combatants and civilians. National Security Advisor Ajit Doval called it a warfare with an invisible army and warned the police officers ...this war cannot be won by the armies. This is the war of a policeman and if you win, the country wins and if you lose then the country loses."
B.Tech from National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal; CSE Mains 2015, 2016 and 2017.