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Terrorism, Insurgency and Organised Criminal Groups Part 1 SIVA PRASAD
About Me . Bachelors and Masters in Physics from Indian Institute of Science (ISc), Bangalore .INSPIRE Scholar, DST Govt. of India Interested in Physics, current affairs, economics.... . Physicist, Blogger, Teacher.... Wrote UPSC CSE Mains 2017 Research Publication in Journal of Applied Physics
Arthashastra Kautilya wrote about risk to a nation from 4 types of threat Internal . External Internally aided external Externally aided internal
lerrorism Definition by FBI - "Terrorism is an unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civillian population , or any segment thereof, in furtherance of a political or social objective"
Objectives of terrorism . Revenge .Renown/fame Reaction - to invoke a certain kind of reaction among people fear, sympathy etc.
Features of terrorism . Always associated with violent activities Instil fear in the minds of people Always driven by a certain ideally (Political, Social, linguistic) . Choosing non combatant victims Repetitive violence Identity of victims not relevant . Publicity seeking
Causes of terrorism .Deprivation Problems associated with globalisation and modernisation and western domination Territoral, ethnic and religious disputes . Denial of basic human rights State repression Displacement and loss of homelands Military occupation
UPSC mains 2017 Q. The scourge of terrorism is a grave challenge to national security. What solutions do you suggest to curb this growing menace? What are the major sources of terrorist funding?
Solutions to curb terrorsim Better intelligence gathering . Choking terror financing . Capacity building among security agencies Enhancing maritime security . Deradicalization . Adopting CCIT (comprehensive convention on international Terrorism)
Major Sources of Terror funding State sponsored terrorism . Drug trafficking, human Trafficking . Fake currency notes Funds from sympathisers . Sale of resources (Like oil by ISIS) . Convergence between organised criminal groups and terrorists
Lone wolf Terror attack Violent acts by self radicalised individuals with an objective of promoting a cause or a belief, the act is carried out without the overall superviseion or a support of a terrorist organization Difficult to counter as These individuals remain off the radar; they can act in places that are hard to access for terrorist organisations