ENGLISH GRAMMAR- SPOT THE ERROR OPSC, OSSSC, SSC , RAILWAY, OSSSC, IB
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Spot the error Bread and Butter are essential for one's life.
Bread and Butter is essential for one's life. (Correct) If two singular nouns express one idea, the verb is in the singular.
The chairman, with the directors, is to be present
Silver, as well as cotton, has fallen in prices
* Five hours are too short a time to judge one's character. (Incorrect)
* Five hours is too short a time to judge one's character. (Correct) This is so because five hours is considered as one chunk. Important Rule When a plural noun denotes some specific quantity or amount considered as a whole, the verb is generally singular
* Neither Rekha nor her fiends was present at the party. (Incorrect)
Of Manohor, Syam and Joshi, the last is a driver. (Correct) Later and latest refer to time.
. Seldom had the little town seen a more costlier funeral. (Wrong)
* Coffee is preferable to tea. (Right) . RulePreferable has the force of comparative and is followed by to. Phrase 'more preferable' should not be used
I have seen a film last night He has left for Hyderabad last week.
I saw a film last night. He left for Hyderabad last week. The present perfect is never used with adverbs of the past time. In such cases the past simple should be used.
* He said that the sun rises in the East. Important Rule When the subordinate clauseexpresses a universal truth the past tense in the main clause may be followed by a Present Tense.
. If I am the Principal, I would Punish Him.X . If he is rich, he would buy a car.X
If I were the Principal, I would Punish Him. v If he were rich, He would buy a car. V * Important Rule In Conditional Sentences, toexpress improbability in the Present, the Simple Past Tense in the if clause and the Present Conditional Tense in the main clause are used
If you worked hard, you would have passed in the examination.X
He asked me that who my best friend Was.X He asked me that How I got time to write all posts in my Blog.X
He told me that he passed the examination.X
The receptionist asked me whom l wanted to meet in the office. V Important Rule The question forms in directspeech should be changed to affirmative sentences in indirect speech.
He suggested me to go for a walk every morning.X
He suggested to me that I should go for a walk every morning. V Important Rule The verb "Suggest" purpose inindirect speech should be followed by "that clause" with the auxiliary verb "should"
His failure is too much painful for me His wife's rude behaviour gives him much too pain X
His failure is much too painful for me v His wife's rude behaviour gives him too much pain * The adverbs 'too much' is usedwith nouns and 'much too' is used with adjectives governmentadda.com Too much pain Too much insincerity (Nouns) Much too painful / much too careless (Adjectives)
He was punished for coming lately. X
He was punished for coming late. V Shortcut rule Late / Lately. The adverb 'late'indicates time and lately means recently.
There were no less than forty people who were killed in the accident. X
He called me a fool. V I always consider him my brother. V Shortcut rule The adverb (As) is not used aftercall and consider.
am much interested to play cricket. * Shortcut rule The derived adjectives such asinterested / pleased / satisfied / delighted are used with 'much' but not 'very'.
* He is much clever to understand it. X
. He is very clever to understand it. V . Shortcut rule The adverb 'very' is used withpositive adjectives and 'much' with comparative adjective forms
Hardly had he left the place than the Bomb exploded.X
. Work hard lest you fail. X
Work hard lest you should fail.v . Shortcut rule After the subordinatingconjunction 'lest' the auxiliary 'should' is used. Lest - for fear that If it is not so
This is the same book that I wanted.vV Shortcut rule The connecting word 'that' isused with the adjective phrase 'the same/the only/superlative adjectives/all
There was such a noise what we could not hear ourselves.
You will not succeed until you work hard. X * I want to stay here unless she speaks the truth. X You cannot do well until you prepare yourself. X
Because he came late, he fail to see her.v . Shortcut rule After the connective 'because' thewords ' so / therefore / as' are not used
Until he solves this problem, I will stay with him.v . Unless they work sincerely, they will not succeed.v . Shortcut rule The adverb 'Not' should not beused with the connective Till/unless/lest/until' in that clause.
. If you work for 8 hours a day, thern you will get through the examination.
1 suddenly came across him x
* He depends on I. X
She is conscious and engaged in her work. X
She is conscious of and engaged in her work v . Shortcut rule When two words are connectedby 'and / or' etc., the prepositions should be mentioned clearly to be used with them.
The poet describes about the beauty of nature.X He ordered for two cups of tea. X
The poet describes the beauty of nature. V .He ordered two cups of tea. V Shortcut rule After transitive verbs such as 'Discuss/Describe/reach/order/tell/de mand/a tt ach/resemble/ridicule etc.no preposition is used. The verbs directly take an object.
. He entered into the premises without any permission. x . They entered a hot discussion. X
He disposed off his scooter. X
He disposed of his scooter. Shortcut rule Dispose of - Sell away
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