SKINNER'S OPERANT CONDITIONING THEORY unacadei
Introduction . This theory has been given by B.F Skinner. He is an American psychologist. The theory is also called R type conditioning theory. . This is based on the concept of reinforcement, reward and punishment.
Experiment 1 :Rats The experiment was conducted on rats. rats were kept hungry for so many hours. the rats was kept in a self designed box Which was named skinner's box. . there was a Lever attached to the box. the experiment was such that when the rats Pressed that liver they were given sum amount of food . Every timel they pressed the liver they were given food. food was an award for them.
Lever Water dispenser Food dispenser Electric grid
Experiment 2 . this experiment was conducted on pigeons. . again in this experiment the pigeons were kept in a box. . there was a special mark in the box. when the pigeon heat that mark with his beak he was given some amount of food. . food was the major reinforcement for pigeon.
Experiment on pigeons
Shaping. . this is a response type theory. . a reward or reinforcement is given to the person when he performs in the desired manner. this means that we give him some reward when the person who presents the same behaviour as desired. . we are trying to control his behaviour through reward. this process of controlling the behaviour through reward is called shaping.
Hello. welcome to my profile. My name is Smilee Ahuja. I am a post graduate in commerce and UGC NET qualified in the same stream. currently