COMBINED DEFENCE SERVICES ENGLISH
ABOUT ME Mukund Kedia BB.A (Finance) M A (Economics) Preparing for Civil Services Examinations
SELECTING THE CORRECT SENTENCE SENTENCE STRUCTURE
What is a complete sentence? Sentences provide us with the framework for the clear written expression of our ideas. A complete sentence always containsa verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone. Andy reads quickly When Andy reads is an incomplete sentence. When Andy reads, he of the sentence has been expressed. sentence, as the whole id
Sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a punctuation mark (a full stop, a question mark, or an exclamation mark). o Each sentence should consist of a complete thought and be . Each sentence must have a subject (the person or thing . Each sentence must have a predicate with at least one verb able to stand alone and make sense. doing the action). (doing word)
Every sentence must have a subject and a predicate. The subject is who or what the sentence is about, while the predicate is what is said about the subject. The subject is always a noun, pronoun, or group of words that function in the same way as a noun. The predicate must contain a complete verb, but it can also contain any amount of extra information that gives more meaning to the verb
Subject My daughter He Mary and John Dancing The room Moving house Collecting wood Looking after the Predicate arrived home today bought a new car yesterday went on a camping holiday in the is good for the soul. ad been cleaned recently can be very stressful took a long time was Jane's responsibility Operators ofshould be given further training.
To understand sentences, we must first understand clauses, which make up sentences. A clause is defined as a group of words containing both a subject and a verb. Clauses can be independent or dependent. . An independent clause contains both a subject and a verb and can dependent clause contains both a subject and a verb, but cannot e Dependent clauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions stand alone as a sentence. stand alone as a sentence. such as because, that, what, while, who, which, although, if, etc.
TYPES Simple Sentence Structure A simple sentence consists of one independent clause. (An independent clause contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.) I like coffee. Mary likes tea. The earth goes round the sun. Mary did not go to the party. . . . .
Compound Sentence Structure A compound sentence is two (or more) independent clauses joined by a conjunction or semi-colon. Each of these clauses could form a sentence alone. . I like coffee and Mary likes tea. o Mary went to work but John went to the party e Our car broke down; we came last. There are seven coordinating conjunctions and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
Compound-Complex Sentence Structure A compound-complex sentence consists of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. John didn't come because he was ill so Mary was not happy. e He left in a hurry after he got a phone call but he came back five minutes later
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