Crash Course The Medieval Indian History Rise of Marathas
Abhishek Srivastava ABOUT ME: . Qualified IIT JEE 2006 . Indian maritime University, Kolkata .Qualified for UPSC mains twice . GS faculty . Crash Course on Modern History Marine Engineer Got selected in SSC and IBPS twice https://unacademy.com/user/abhishek6077 Crash Course on Ancient History Ncert Class VI Summary . Delhi Sultanate
1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 Jahangir 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 Shah Jahan 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1642 1643 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 Aurangzeb 1659 1660
The Rise of the marathas Rose in the service of the bahmani rulers held mansabs and jagirs. bahmani rulers emansab v unlike the rajputs none of them was an independent ruler or ruled over a large kingdom. V they were not the leader of clans on whose backing and they support they could depend.
but the ruler of deccan embarked upon a definite policy of winning over the maratha to their side. V Hence the maraths formed the backbone of the landed aristocracy of the deccan v The maratha were cheif accorded service and position in all the three leading states of the deccan
Shahji Bhonsale created the maratha state . before this marthas did not have any well-established states left the poona jagir to neglected wife Jijabai and minor son shivaji
Shivaji overran a number of hill forts near poona death of his guardian Dadaji kondadeo" v shivaji became his own master. shivaji becam
v conquered javli kingdom from maratha cheif 1656 entered into negotiations with Aurangazeb then changed sides Conquest the area of bijapur Bijapuri noble, Afzal khan, came to capture shivaji but shivaji killed him cunningly
Aurangzeb v watching this rise of marathas v send governor of deccan Shaista khan to capture shivaji Shaista khan V Occupied Poona was attacked by shivaji while he was in camp Khan lost his son in this attack 1663 Mcanwhile shivaji looted mughal port Y Meanwhile shivaji looted mughal port Surat 1664
Treaty of purandar 1665 V Aurangzeb send Raja Jai Singh of Amber, one of most trusted advisers of Aurangzeb to deal with shivaji opened negotiations with jai v Shivaji asked to be excused from V Mansab(5000) was granted in his V besieged purandar so Shivaji singh personal service place to his minor son Sambhaji
Failure of mughal-maratha expedition against Bijapur. after this shivaji was put into the man rank which had been granted earlier to his minor son. asabdars a Shivaji walked off angrily and refused imperial service. this was the turning point of mugal maratha relationship v detained and escaped 1666 detained and escaped 1666
Shivaji 1627-80 Sambhaji 1680-89 Rajaram 1689-1700 Shivaji lI 1700-1707 Sahuji 1707-1749
Rajaram: he succeded the throne with the help of the minister v Also fled to east coast (Jinji) V mugal captured Rajgarh along with sambhaii's wife and son Shahu Rajaram escaped 1703 Aurangzeb opened negotiation but then retreated
Tarabai and Shivaji II V Rajaram was succeeded by his minor son Shivaji II Under the guardianship of his mother tarabai. Shahu 1707-1749 V he was released by the mughal emperor Bahadur shah let to the starts of civil war v he defeated T v arabai army v in his reign the rise of peshwas and transformatiom of the maratha kingdom into an empire based on the principle of confederacy.
PESHWAS 1435-1700 1700-1707 Sahuji 1707-1749 Balaji Vishwanath 1713-20 Bajirao 1720-40 Marathas Bomba Balaji Bajirao 1740-61 Arabian Ser Ben
GS faculty and subject matter expert | 4 yrs Teaching Exp.| HiStory, Geog. and Polity courses with interrelation, logic & chronology.