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Print Comes to Europe
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To learn about arrival of Print in Europe and invention of first printing press

Sidharth Bhasin
Currently pursuing B. Tech. from DTU Delhi, I love to teach and impart knowledge to students with a zeal and passion to learn new things.

Unacademy user
how to draw positive sequence and -ve sequence diagram for thevenin equivalent if transfomer is (delta,delta),(star,delta),(star,star).kindly explain
Sidharth Bhasin
11 days ago
Thank you.
aap bhut aacha nhi padhate ho
Sidharth Bhasin
10 months ago
Thanks for the feedback. Liking or not liking a lesson is simply a personal opinion
Saket Sidhant
10 months ago
aap agar thori aur energy ke sath lesson padhoge na to humlogo ko aur mja aayga. mai aapki video ko 1.25x pr krke dekhta hu tb lgta hai ki normal speed hai padhane ki
Saket Sidhant
10 months ago
waise aap math padhate ho sir
Savitha S
3 months ago
no not so bad sir🙏
Sir, it's written in our book that" the new technology couldn't displace the existing art of printing ". But why?? I couldn't understand it..pls reply
Sidharth Bhasin
a year ago
Yes, firstly the new technology was expensive and secondly its availability was relatively low.
Shashwat Kumar
a year ago
Thanks Sir!
sir can u please make notes on novel ,society and history

  2. PRINT COMES TO EUROPE Paper reached Europe through Chinese Silk Route in eleventh century Production of manuscripts In 1295, Marco Polo brought Chinese printing technology (Woodblock printing) to Italy Technology spread to other parts of Europe

  3. PRINT EDITIONS Luxury Editions Printed on vellum (parchment made from animal skins) Expensive . Aristocratic circles and rich monastic libraries Cheaper Printed Copies Mass Production Bought by merchants and students in universities

  4. BOOK CULTURE Increase in demand for booksExport of books to different countries Book fairs held at many places Reorganization of production of handwritten manuscripts Increased employment of scribes Demand kept on increasing

  5. . Handwritten Demand > Supply manuscripts couldn't meet the demand Expensive Copying Time consuming . Laborious PROBLEMS IN CURRENT TECHNOLOGY . Fragile . High labor requirec for production Manuscripts Difficult to handle . Couldn't be carried around/read easily Limited circulation of manuscripts

  6. POPULARIZATION OF WOODBLOCK PRINTING Growing demand of books Easier to print Use of woodblocks Manufacture Playing cards Printing textiles Printing Religious pictures

  7. JOHANN GUTENBERG: TURNING POINT . Son of a merchant Seen olive and wine presses Learnt the art of polishing stones Expertise to create lead molds used for making trinklets

  8. GUTENBERG AND PRINTING PRESS Gutenberg developed new printing presses in 1430 Germany Led to fall in manuscripts and hand printing Bible - First book (180 copies) Unique, No two copies were exactly the same Books in markets boomed No. of printing presses increased Led to print Revolution

  9. GUTENBERG PRINTING PRESS Vertical wood screw lowered or raised platen when turned Based on model of Olive Press Horizontal lever turned screw Molds were used for casting metal types for alphabets ood platen pressed paper against type . Metal letters imitated ornamental handwritten styles . Borders illuminated by hand Space left for design Type form was slid under raised platen Leather balls stuffed with hair or wool were used to ink type. to be printed wasPaprholder folded put in paper holder over type form.

  10. IMPORTANT WORDS Compositor The person who composes the text for printing . Galley Metal frame in which types are laid and the text composed . Platen A board pressed onto the back of paper to get the impression from the type. Material: Wood> Steel