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Phase II : 1960 to 1968 - Towards Weapon Development
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The lesson discusses phase 2 of India's Nuclear Weapon Program . It traces the cause and effects of all the events that took place between 1960 to 1968....


U
Unacademy user
question no 2 (B+C)+(C+A)-(A+B)=2C hence monthly income of C is 8000/-
PS
Prince Sharma
10 months ago
Answer toh 8000 hai but ye option me toh nahi hai
Shramev gupta
4 days ago
understand difference between sum and average, u will get the answer
SG
u have mentioned that Dr.Homi Bhabha is killed I will be thank full if u explain it
  1. A Brief History of India's Nuclear Weapon Program 1944 to 1998


  2. Lecture3 Phase Il : Towards Weapon Development


  3. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development


  4. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha.


  5. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive" and Centralized First Indication that Indication that India was keeping its Nuclear Weapon Option open


  6. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive".


  7. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive". 1962 Border War with China


  8. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive". 1962 Border War with China India lost the War .USSR did not come to India's help


  9. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive". 1962 Border War with China India lost the War .USSR did not come to India's help a er India has to take care of its Own Security


  10. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development By 1961 it became clear that China was developing its Nuclear Weapon. Indian Nuclear Program was headed by Dr. Homi J Bhabha. September 1962 Atomic Energy Act was amended making it more "Secretive". 1962 Border War with China India lost the War .USSR did not come to India's help India has to take care of its Own Security December 1962: Formal demand for Nuclear Weapon by 'Jana Sangh' raised in Parliament


  11. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development .1964: Pt Nehru dies and is replaced by Lal Bahadur Shastri. .PM Shastri was a Gandhian and against Nuclear weapons.


  12. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development .1964: Pt Nehru dies and is replaced by Lal Bahadur Shastri. .PM Shastri was a Gandhian and against Nuclear weapons. 1964: China Conducts Nuclear Test at Lop Nor . India now has a direct Security Threat from China Debates start in Parliament regarding the need for Nuclear Weapon .PM Shastri authorizes for the development of Peaceful Nuclear Explosives' (PNE).


  13. What are PNE (Peaceful Nuclear Explosions)? Use of Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purpose. -For Earth Excavation Operation. - For digging Canals -For excavating Natural Gas and Oil - For changing course of rivers .PNEs were started in USA under "Operation Plowshare" - The operation ran from 1961 to 1973 About 35 explosions were done


  14. What are PNE (Peaceful Nuclear Explosions)? Use of Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purpose. - For Earth Excavation Operation. - For digging Canals -For excavating Natural Gas and Oil For changing course of rivers .PNEs were started in USA under "Operation Plowshare" - The operation ran from 1961 to 1973 About 35 explosions were done Calling our Nuclear Program "Peaceful" was necessary to avoid attempt by other nations to obstruct it by denying access to nuclear technology and knowledge


  15. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development -1965 second Indo-Pakistan war breaks out. The outcome of the war did a great deal to strengthen India's resolve for developning Nuclear weapon. In 1966 PM Shastri dies of heart attack after signing Tashkent Declaration. .Two weeks later Dr. Homi Bhabha is also killed in a Plane crash. .An inexperienced Indira Gandhi succeeds PM Shastri. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai is choosen as a successor to Homi J Bhabha. -Vikram Sarabhai not as enthusiastic as Homi Bhabha - He was more concerned about developing Delivery Capacity


  16. Phase 2 1960 to 1968 End of Optimism: Towards Weapon Development 1968: Clear Shift in India's approach Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) comes for signature. . Indian negotiato V C Trivedi declines from signing on NPT. India rejects NPT as Discriminatory. Only countries who have conducted nuclear test before 1t Jan 1967 are to be considered as NWS. .It becomes clear to the world that India has kept its Nuclear Option Open.