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Phase I : 1944 to 1960 - Era of Optimism
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This lesson deals with the first phase of India's Nuclear Weapon Program. It traces all the important events that took place between 1944 and 1960.


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  1. A Brief History of India's Nuclear Weapon Program 1944 to 1998


  2. Lecture 2 Phase l: Era of Optimism


  3. Why does a Country acquire Nuclear Weapons'?


  4. Why does a Country acquire Nuclear Weapons'? Security Reasons: State build Nuclear weapons for Security and because others do. Decision of National Leadership: When Political Elites decides to 'Go Nuclear'.


  5. Why does a Country acquire Nuclear Weapons'? Security Reasons: State build Nuclear weapons for Security and because others do. Decision of National Leadership: When Political Elites decides to 'Go Nuclear'. India in 1947 No Direct Security Threat National Leadership: Anti Nuclear Weapon


  6. Why does a Country acquire Nuclear Weapons'? Security Reasons: State build Nuclear weapons for Security and because others do. Decision of National Leadership: When Political Elites decides to 'Go Nuclear'. India in 1947 No Direct Security Threat National Leadership: Anti Nuclear Weapon Pt. Nehru


  7. Why does a Country acquire Nuclear Weapons'? Security Reasons: State build Nuclear weapons for Security and because others do. Decision of National Leadership: When Political Elites decides to 'Go Nuclear'. India in 1947 No Direct Security Threat National Leadership: Anti Nuclear Weapon Pt. Nehru Saw Nuclear Energy as a "Technological Revolution" just like Steam and Electric Energy


  8. Saw the Potential of Nuclear Power for development and Economic growth. P. Nahru Saw Nuclear Energy as a "Technological Revolution" just like Steam and Electric Energy


  9. Nehru very well recognized the limits of Indian resources and means. Saw the Potential of Nuclear Power for development and Economic growth. P. Nahru Saw Nuclear Energy as a "Technological Revolution" just like Steam and Electric Energy


  10. Harnessingthis technology was not possible without International Collaboration Nehru very we Il recog nized the limits of Indian resources and means. Saw the Potential of Nuclear Power for development and Economic growth. P. Nahru Saw Nuclear Energy as a "Technological Revolution just like Steam and Electric Energy


  11. Phase 1 1944 to 1960 Era of Optimism: Pro Technology but Anti-Weapon


  12. Phase 1 1944 to 1960 Era of Optimism: Pro Technology but Anti-Weapon 1944-Dr. Homi Bhabha sends a proposal to Sir Dorab Tata Trust forthe establishment of a Nuclear Research Institute. 1945: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is established. 1948: Atomic Energy Act is passed by the Constituent Assembly and Indian Atomic Energy Commission is Established. 1954 IAEC decides to set up Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET). This particular establishment is renamed as BARC in 1967. 1955: India's first research reactor "APSARA" is built with the assistance of UK. .September 1955: Canada supplies India with a Powerful 50 MW reactor and USA supplies 21 Heavy Water. The reactor is named "CIRUS".