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Part 1: 100 PYQ's on Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity (in Odia)
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100 PYQ ENVIRONMENT, ECOLOGY, BIODIVERSITY MCQ FOR OPSC ASO SSC EXAM part1

Deepak Rout
*educator, M-Tech ( mechanical )I IT Madras. qualified for OPSC interview , UPSC Main,Created Kalinga competative academy you tube cha.

Unacademy user
  1. IMP ENVIRONMENT,ECOLOGY BIODIVERSITY MCO UPSC/OPSC/ASO/SSC BY: DEEPAK KUMAR ROUT


  2. Deepak Rout VVERIFIED From Odisha. M-Tech (mechanical)I IT Madras. qualified for OPSC interview, UPSC Main,Created Kalinga competative academy you tube cha. Follow https://unacademy.com/user/deepak.iitm2014-4761 Sk minutes lue Hat Ulacked on 30 December 201 14:43 00:02 BY: DEEPAK KUMAR Shan Green Hat Unlocked n12 Ocober 2018 A Pvious Year Questions (Odia) Previous Year Assistant Section Officer General Awareness Solved Question Paper OPSC Orange Hat Deepak Rout k Followers Message Unocked 2May 201 50 (5 ratings) dit revieww Welcome to Unacademy oned on21 May 201 Previous Year Assistant Section Officer(ASO) GA Solved Paper Part 01 (in Odia) 1500


  3. whidh amcng thefolowdnh est w werow n India? [A] Ghana Sanctuary, Rajasthan [B] Chilka Lake, Orissa, [C] Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, Haryana D] Dal Lake, Kashmir Sol-B OPSC 2018


  4. Which among the following is the correct location of Tropical Forest Research Institute (TFRI)? [A) Jodhpur [B] Jabalpur [C] Midnapore [D] Bhopal Sol-B OPSC 2018


  5. Which among the following is the World's largest Wetland System? [A] Camargue (France) [B] Okavango (Botswana) C] Everglades (USA) [D] Pantana ANS-D The world's largest wetland is the Pantanal, which covers 200,000 square kilometres (during the wet season) through Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia, althalthough 80% of it is in Brazil. It is a land of flooded grasslands, savannas and tropical forests.


  6. Which of the following Environmentalists first gave the concept of Biodiversity hotspots'? [A] Gaylord Nelson [B] Norman Myers [C] John Muir [D)Julia "Butterfly" Hill ANS-B


  7. Which among the following terms of utmost significance in the dynamics of resource management was coined in the 'Brundtland Commission Report'? [A] Polluter-Pays Principle [B] Sustainable development [C] Inclusive Growth [D] Carrying Capacity SOL-B


  8. With which of the following, the Agenda 21' of Rio Summit, 1992 is related to? AJ Sustainable development [B] Combating the consequences of population explosion [C] Mitigation norms of Green House Gases (GHGs) emission. [D] Technology transfer mechanism SOL-A


  9. Which among the following multilateral convention seeks to protect the human health and environment from Persistant Organic Pollutants (POPs)? A] Bonn Convention [B] Stockholm Convention C] Rotterdam Convention [D] Basel Convention SOL-B


  10. The Montreaux Record' is a register of [A] Invasive Alien Species and their ecological hazards outside their native environment [B] Wetland sites under the threat of anthropogenic activities. [C] Endangered species of tropical and sub-tropical fauna [D] direct threat of consequences of global warming SOL-B


  11. Which among the following awards instituted by the Government of India for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting Wildlife? A] Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar B] Medini Puruskar Yojana [C] Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award [D] Pitambar Pant National Award ANS-C


  12. The 'thickness' of Stratospheric Ozone layer is measured in/on A] Sieverts [B] Dobson units [C] Melson units [D] Beaufort Scale SOL-B


  13. The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) is headed by: [A] R.K.Pachauri [B] Vandana Shiva [C] Madhav Gadgil ID] Pradip Krishen SOL- C


  14. The relationship between water fern Azolla and cyanobacterium Anabaena is: [A] Symbiotic [B] Mutualistic ICI Commensalism [D] Proto-Cooperation SOL-A


  15. Which of the following is not among the four coral reef regions of India identified by the Government for intensive conservation and management? [A] Gulf of Mannar [B] Gulf of Khambat [C] Lakshadweep Islands [D] Andaman and Nicobar Islands SOL-B


  16. The Siberian Crane, an endangered migratory bird is a reqular visitor of which of the following national park/bird sanctuaries [A] Ranganathittu bird sanctuary [B] Keoladeo national park [C] Vedanthangal bird sanctuary [D] Sultanpur bird sanctuary SOL-B Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan is a famous avifauna sanctuary that plays host to thousands of birds especially during the winter season. The rare Siberian cranes visit the place in winter season.


  17. Earth Hour is organized by__? A] UNESCO [B] Earth Hour [C] World Wildlife Fund D] United Nations Environment Programme SOL-C Earth Hour is organized by the WorldWildlife Fund (WWF). With almost 5 million supporters and a global network in over 100 countries/territories, it's one of the world's largest and most respected independent conservation organizations WWF is mission is to stop the degradation of the Earth's natural environment and build a future where people live in harmony with nature.


  18. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, India's only dolphin sanctuary, is located in which among the following states of India? A] West Bengal [B] Bihar [C] Assam [ D] Uttar Pradesh SOL-B


  19. In which among the following states, Government had identified maximum number of Ecologically Sensitive Zones under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986? A] Maharatsra [B] Andhra Pradesh [C] Tamil nadu [D] Karanataka SOL-A


  20. The Chenchu people in India have been active in protection of wildlife in which among the following protected areas of India? [A] Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh) [B] Similipal (Odisha) [C] Indravati, Udanti-Sitanadi (Chhattisgarh) [D] Palamu (Jharkhand) SOL-A * The Chenchus are an aboriginal tribe of the central hill regions of Andhra Pradesh, India. Their traditional way of life has been based on hunting. statement of Environment Ministry, In the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam, the Chenchus, are involved in protection of Tigers.


  21. In which of the following forests of India, world's first tiger census was carried out in 1932? [A] Kaziranga Forests [B] Sariska Forests [C] Ranthambore Forests [D] Palamu Forests SOL-D


  22. Which among the following international bodies have taken active interest in launching the "Global Tiger Initiative" to save tigers and conserve tiger habitats? [A] United Nations Environment Programme [B] World Bank C] World Wildlife Institute D] World Economic Forum Sol-B


  23. "Nagoya Protocol " is related to which among the following? [A] International Finance [B] Biodiversity [C] Pharmaceutical Industry [D] Global Warming SOL-B


  24. Kameng Elephant Reserve and Deomali Elephant Reserve are located in which state? [A] Assam [B] Manipur C] Mizoram [D] Arunachal Pradesh Sol-D


  25. With which among the following subjects, the Agenda 21, that came out of Earth Summit 1992 , explicitly deals with? [A] Green House Gases [B] Climate Change [C] Sustainability [D] Ozone Layer Protection SOL-C


  26. "Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary" in Kutch, Gujarat is most famous for which of the following? [A] Zebra [B] Chinkara [C] Lions D] Tigers SOL-B


  27. The quality and demand for Shahtoosh shawls has led to the endangerment of which of the following species of the antelopes in India? [A] Blackbuck [B] Chiru (Tibetan Antelope) [C] Goa Antelope (Tibetan Gazelle) [D] Goat antelope


  28. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots. The Status is designated by Conservation International Norman Myers wrote about the concept in two articles in "The Environmentalist" (1988)


  29. AGENDA 21 Agenda 21 is an action plan of the United Nations (UN) related to sustainable development It was an outcome of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. The number 21 refers to an agenda for the 21st century.


  30. Convention on Biological Diversity Biodiversity knows no political boundaries and its conservation is therefore a collective responsibility of all nations. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a step towards conserving biological diversity or biodiversity with the involvement of the entire world. & The historic Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity Convention - a multilateral treaty) was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and entered into in 1993. The convention called upon all nations to take appropriate measures for conservation of biodiversity and sustainable utilisation of its benefits.


  31. Convention on Biological Diversity conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); sustainable use of its components; and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. It is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development. The Convention is legally binding; countries that join it ('Parties') are obliged to implement its provisions. 195 UN states and the European Union are parties to the convention. All UN member states-with the exception of the United States-have ratified the treaty At the 2010 10th Conference of Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity in October in Nagoya, Japan, the Nagoya Protocol was adopted


  32. Nagoya Protocol The Nagoya Protocol is a 2010 supplementary agreement to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) The Nagoya Protocol is about "Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization", one of the three objectives of the CBD. It is the second Protocol to the CBD; the first is the 2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.


  33. Biodiversity Hotspots Across the World The eight hottest hot spots in terms of the above five factors are: 1.Madagascar 2.Philippines 3.Sundaland [South East Asia] 4.Brazil's Atlantic Forest 5.Caribbean 6.Indo-Burma 7.Western Ghats and Sri Lanka 8.Eastern Arc and Coastal Forests of Tanzania/Kenya


  34. A layer of ozone preset in the atmosphere (stratosphere) protects the biosphere from the harmful effects of UV radiation by absorbing them Ozone depletion or ozone hole refer to the damage suffered by the ozone layer due to natural and anthropogenic causes