INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT 1939-1947 Presented by DANISH KHATANA
SECOND WORLD WAR & NATIONALIST RESPONSE Presented by DANISH KH ATA NA 1939-1947
WORLD WAR BREAKS OUT At the start of September, 1939 Hitler attacked Poland .Hence, the Second World War broke out and on the same day Lord Linlithgow declared India at war.
CONGRESS STAND ON WORLD WAR II Indian offer to cooperate in the war effort had two basic conditions . 1. After the war, a constituent assembly should be convened to determine political structure of a free India. . 2. Immediately, some form of a genuinely responsible government should be established at the centre. The offer was rejected by Linlithgow, the viceroy
3 Indian Perspectives GANDHI- advocated an unconditional support to Allied powers S.C.BOSE - wanted to start immediate struggle vs BRITISH NEHRUadvocated no Indian participation till India was free.
WARDHA MEET Congress Working Committee Meeting at Wardha (1939) Different opinions were voiced Outcome of the meeting - . Government should declare its war aims soon India could not be party to a war being fought ostensibly for democratic freedom, while that freedom was being denied to India;
LINLITHGOW'S STATEMENT OCTOBER 1 7, 1939 Stated that Britain's war aim is to resist aggression. All interest groups are to be consulted to modify 1935 Act for future. . Immediately a "consultative committee" was to be formed for advising functions.
LINLITHGOw's STATE MENT . The CWC meeting rejected the viceroy's statement as a reiteration of the old imperialist policy, and Congress ministries resigned in the provinces.
PAK LAHORE RESOLUTION Pakistan Resolution Lahore (March 1940) . The Muslim League passed a resolution calling for "grouping of geographically contiguous areas where Muslims are in majority (North-West, East) into independent states in which constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign and adequate safeguards to Muslims where they are in minority
AUGUST OFFER 1940 The Congress rejected the August Offer. . In July 1941. the viceroy's executive council weas enlarged to give the Indians a majority of 8 out of 12 for the first time. . A National Defence Council was set up with purely advisory functions
The Indian Response to Cripps The Congress objected to . Dominion status Right of provinces to secede . No immediate transfer of power Retention of governor-general's supremacy
CONGRESS MEET . AICC Meeting (Bombay -August 8, 1942) . The meeting ratified Quit India Resolution. . August 9, 1942 All prominent leaders arrested
QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT . Reasons for the Launch & its timing -Failure of Cripps Offer, an evidence of British lack of will to concede Indian demands. feeling of imminent British collapse Indian leadership's desire to prepare masses for possible Japanese invasion. A .
DO OR DIE Major Activity - Public on rampage, especially Eastern UP, Bihar, Bengal atacking symbols of authority. Underground activity to provide a line of command. Parallel governments in Ballia (UP). Tamluk (Bengal) and Satara (Maharashtra)
REASONS FOR BRTITISH EXIT . A change in Labour Government's attitude due to change in global power equations Government sympathetic to India; Tired British soldiers Weakened British economy; nti-imperialist wave throughout Asia;
ATTLEE'S STATEMENT (FEBRUARY 20, 1947) June 30, 1948 as deadline for transfer of power. Power may be transferred to one centre or in some areas to existing provincial governments
MOUNTBATTEN PLAN .JUNE 3. 19 47 Punjab & Bengal Assemblies to take decision on partition. . Sindh to take its own decision alonwith NWFP & Sylhet district. .Freedom to be granted on August 15, 1947 . JULY 18, 1947 British Parliament passed the "Indian Independence Act 1947" & implemented on August 15, 1947.
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