Vinita Devi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE
Sources covered: CCRT Nitin Singhania complete NIOS material h Fine Arts NCERT Crash Course on Indian Art and Culture @999ONLY Enroll Before 9:00 PM LAST DAY TODAY
BEST OPPORTUNITY FOR 2019/2020/2021 ASPIRANTS ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY The Most Important Section for UPSC CSE Every Year Minimum 25 questions are there Vast Syllabus Static and dynamic both portions Standard books Down to earth Magazine Current Developments How to Cover all these? Ioin this plus course available for a few days ONLY VIt includes - PDFs, live classes, Recorded Videos, Test Series Mega Quiz Thank Me Later
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DEAD ENDS OF SPECIALISATION
. Among scholars and knowledge makers in history, one can identify a large number of intellectuals whose interests lay in seemingly disparate spheres. V. A poet and philosopher could also be an astronomer, technical innovator and mathematician VA traveller and writer could be a linguist and painter. VIt is an easy ability to see connectedness among multiple domains of knowledge of the natural world and human interaction V.With greater and deeper development of various fields of science, technology and even the social sciences, specialisation is inevitable and even necessary in the contemporary world. This has no doubt yielded many important, even life-saving results. V.But, the fetishising of"expertism" and its blinding righteousness contributes to a host of problems that are being called the Anthropocene
. The tragedy of specialisation is that it leads members of the knowledge industry to see little beyond their bulwarks. . The worldviews of highly specialised domains are often so distinct that they have created not only disparate paradigms but distinct worlds. . It, therefore, becomes difficult or impossible for an economist to appreciate the importance and value of biodiversity or why its loss is a major casualty or for an engineer to understand why decentralised solar power that allows greater democratisation among local communities is an opportunity to be grabbed instead of installing large solar parks by mega-corporations . It also makes it near impossible for a molecular biologist to understand that more targeted and improved ways to cut and paste DNA is not the point being made by those concerned about genetically modified organis . It is about ownership, biodiversity, science and soils cross-cutting domains that super-specialists will not be able to see.
BENEFITS OF HAVING SPECIALIZATION . With increasing specialisation, what one gets are experts who do not understand the connections between knowledge systems and ways of knowing. Instead of treating an approach to knowledge or a paradigm as simply a heuristic or a framework . They begin to regard it as fixed, offering specific solutions that cannot be argued against and carrying all truth .The limits of each knowledge system are not part of the training and their own blinkers are not apparent to them. . Instead, one's own paradigm of analyses turns into the sole framework for study and its outputs the only possible truths.
CURRENT CHALLENGES .. The principal challenges of the Anthropocene are the breakdown of the planetary ollted and described by scieirom social scientists This system was represented and described by scientists as the planetary boundaries of the natural world, there was opposition from social scientists. Upon their insistence, social structures have also been incorporated now into the system This obvious necessity only points to the fact that there is so much fragmentatiorn that specialists have painted themselves into dead ends Geo-engineers says that they need to seed the upper atmosphere with exotic chemicals to cool the planet, there is rightly a hue and cry from many quarters; when renewable energy experts call for more biomass plantations, others worry about the displacement of farmers The reduction of food production and the loss of biodiversity. . . Still, other specialists insist that they have the right technology to produce food for the entire world in factory farms