NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY B. ASHWIN
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY THE ANCIENT INDIAN ARCHITECTURE HARAPPAN PERIOD The excavations at Harappa and Mohenjaro and several other sites of the Indus Valley Civilization revealed the existence of a modern civilization with expert town planning and Engineering Skills. These sites were excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India established by the British
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY MAIN FEATURES OF THIS CIVILIZATION The Harappan people had constructed three types of buildings namely Dwelling Houses Pillared Halls V Public Baths
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY PALLAVA STYLE * The earliest examples of temples in the DRAVID AN STYLE belongs to the pallava period. The temple Architecture were divided into two groups ROCK-CUT (AD 610-690) STRUCTURAL (AD 690-900) Greatest Accomplishment - MAHABALIPURANM
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTOR CHOLA STYLE * A continuation of Pallava times. It had built/ constructed. The earlier examples were of modest size whereas the newer ones were huge and large with VIMANAS/GOPURAS dominating the landscape. * The temple of Koranganatha at Srinivasanalur in the Trichinopoly district, built during the reign of Parantaka l (A.D 907 - 949) - One of the earliest examples of Chola architecture.
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY THE VIJAYA-NAGARA ARCHITECTURE * The rulers of Vijaya-Nagara built the fortesses, gorgeous palaces and beautiful temples. The Vijaya-Nagara temple architecture has some special features. The Characteristic featire of this period is the development of the temple complex with concentric series of rectangular enclosure walls with GOPURAS in between each side
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY PAINTINGS * The history of Indian Paintings is just about as old as the history of the people of India. The most primitive instances of paintings in India can be traced back to the cave paintings. CAVE PAINTINGS The earliest evidences of the Indian paintings made on the cave walls and palaces, whereas miniature paintings are small sized and sophisticated hand-made art-works.
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY CAVE PAINTINGS * Paintings on caves and temple walls mostly describe numerous characteristics of Hinduism and Buddhism. Various forms of Indian painting developed in various time periods. * The immense variety begins from a pre-historic cave paintings of Bhimbetka (M.P) and flourishes through the paintings of Ajanta caves, Ellora caves (M.H) and Bagh caves (M.P)
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY CAVE PAINTINGS Ajanta cave paintings depict the life and teachings of Buddha and Buddha Jataka on their walls while in Ellora caves mostly Hindu deities are painted
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY A ANTA PAINTINGS It is located in (M.H) and the exact location is 106 km from Aurangabad. There are a total of 29 caves in Ajanta. The paintings here were done between 200 B.C and the 7th century B.C during the period of SUNGA, KUSHAN AND GUPTA rulers. * Fresco wall paintings - use of limited colors, decorative designs which includes a variety of animals and tree flowers.
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY ELLORA PAINTINGS * The composition of the paintings at Ellora is measured out in the rectangular panles with thick borders. They have thus been conceived within the given limits of frame that hold the paintings. * The space, in the sense of Ajanta, therefore does not exist at Ellora
NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADEMY - HISTORY SITTANAVASAL PAINTINGS * These caves are located in Sittanavasal villagein Tamil Nadu. The paintings here resemble closely the Bagh and the Ajanta Paintings. These paintings were built by Mahendra Verma and his son Narsimha Verma * The paintings of the sittanavasal are intimately connect with Jain themes and symbology, but enjoys the same norm and technique as that of Ajanta Color - Drawn dark on a Light Red Ground
Studying B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Fourth year in Karunya University, Coimbatore.