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LAXMIKANT: CHAPTER 76.4 NAT ONAL COMMISSION TO REVIEW THE WORKING OF THE CONSTITUTION BY NANDINI MAHARAD
ABOUT ME o BA (Hons.) History o Lady Shri Ram College for Women o MA Applied Human Rights o Sheffield Hallam University o Kapila Hingorani Scholar o Hobbies: reading, dancing Rate, review and recommend! o Follouw me e https://unacademy.com/user/NandiniMaharaj
TOPICS FIFTY VEARS OF WORKING OF THE CONSTITUTION a Grender Justice o Judicial System-Failures AREAS OF CONCERN: COMMISSION'S PERCEPTION and Equality-Failures
Gender Oustice and Equality Failures o 1. The regional disparities in life expectancy is indicated by the fact that a woman born in Kerala can expect to Live 18 years longer than one born in Madhya Pradesh. o 2. In most countries life expectancy among women exceeds that of men by about 5 years. o In all but a few countries of the world, there are typically 10os women for every 100o men
o Men outnumber women only in societies where women are specifically and systematically discriminated, o In India, there are only 933 women for every looo men, This is the phenomenon about 'missing' women. o 3. Overall representation of women in public services is lust 4.9 per cent.
o 4. Political participation of women indicates that in 1952 there were only 22 women in Lok Sabha against 499 seats (4.41 per cent). In 1991, this increased to 49 seats as agaihst 544 seats (9.02 per cent). o 5. Between 1995-20oo, out of 503 judges of the High Court, only 15 were women.
Dudicial System-Failures 1, Judicial system has not been able to meet even the modest expectations of the society, Its delays and costs are frustrating, its processes slow and uncertain. 2. People are pushed to seek recourse to extra-legal methods for relief.
3. Trial sustem both on the civil and criminal side has utterly broken down. on an overall assessment, there are more failures than success stories, making the inference inescapable that the fifty years of the working of the Constitution is substantially a saga of missed opportunities
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