ABOUT ME PRAGATI MISHRA Completed Bsc Biotech (Top Rank 3 in S.P UNIVERSITY) Msc Biotech: Selected for a dissertation research work on "ORGANIC SOLVENT TOLERANT LIPASE PRODUCING MICRO- ORGANISMS ISOLATION". Hobbies: Mimicry, Singing , Dancing Goal: To clear UPSC CSE My inspiration: My Father
MYCOREMEDIATION o Bioremediation by means of Fungi is o Fungi have been shown to biomineralize called Mycoremediation uranium oxides, suggesting they may have application in the bioremediation of radioactively polluted sites. o Some fungi are hyperaccumulators, capable of absorbing and concentrating heavy metals in the mushroom fruit bodies.
o One of the primary roles of fungi in the ecosystem is decomposition, which is performed by the mycelium o The mycelium secretes extracellular enzymes and acids that break down lignin and cellulose, the two main building blocks of plant fiber. o These are organic compounds composed of long chains of carbon and hydrogen, structurally similar to many organic pollutants, The key to mycoremediation is determining the right fungal species to target a specific pollutant.
OYSTER MUSHROOMS GROWING ON PETROLEUM CONTAMINATED SOIL
THE APPLICATIONS OF MYCOREMEDIATION Successful treatments have been conducted on; Industrial wastewaters o Distillery and brewery wastes Petroleum hydrocarbons Pesticides o Dyes Pulp and paper mill effluent Munitions wastes including TNT wood preservatives. Many other pollutants. o Bleach plant eftluent. o Organochlorins.
QUESTION o Mycoremediation is a form of bioremediation, the process of using an to return (usually soil) contaminated environment y pollutants o Basidiomycota o Ascomycota o Fungus o Plant to a less contaminated state
ANSWER o FUNGUS
QUESTION Mycelium secrete extracellular ENZYMES and ACID to break down....
ANSWER o Lignin and Cellulose