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MCQs Discussion Part 1 (in Hindi)
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Upsc Manthan Guild
Experience new prowess with Sudarshan Gurjar, Arti Chhawari, Ashish Singh, Sakshi Mittal,Kapil Kathpal

Unacademy user
India is world's third largest producer of fishes. Due to its large coastline it has a huge potential in fishery sector. But cause of some reasons this potential hasn't been utilised. The challenges faced by fisheries are: 1. Lack of infrastructure like absence of fish landing and harvesting facilities,use of poor quality and old boats by fishermen. 2.Proliferation of water structures has dealt a blow to inland fisheries. 3.Loss of biodiversity and depletion of fish stocks 4.Adverse impacts of climate change like shoreline degradation and loss of coral reefs. 5.Territoial issue of fishermen entering Srilanka's waters. However these challenges shouldn't prevent us from utilising this sector. Some of the solutions are: 1.Promote fish quality literacy among fishermen, initiatives like Skill in India can be used here. 2.Adopting responsible and sustainable fishing practices. 3.Joint Working Group that has been established with Srilanka shall be used effectively. 4.Higher investment into sector by government as it can yield significant returns by providing many coastal towns a source of livelihood.
Niraj Goswami
3 years ago
Nice one..u can add Under Issue.. 1)lack of cold storage facility 2)less experienced and lack of technology to initate deep sea fishing 3)human encroachment near fishing area 4)over use of fertiliser leads to algal bloom..which reduce oxygen and affect fishing 4)overexploitation of fishing create livlihood quetion Solution 1)provide alternative livelihood 2)fishing coopratives 3)cold storage and refrigrated van Solution 1)
  1. ssif 1th _ 15th December, 2018 DNA MCQs discussion PT 2019 By - Ashish Singh

  2. Ashish Singh VERIED Edit Profile IB ACIO Il-2017(Mains Qualified), UPSC aspirant Exam cleared-SSC CPO (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016-Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains) 29,648 Views in last 30 days 245,145 Lifetime Views 54 Courses 8.2k Followers 24 Following Target audience UNACADEMY PLUS By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh Simplifying Indian Polity through 500 MCQs O Last date to apply is 21st December (Hindi) The Hindu Daily Editorial and News Discussion: UPSC CSE The Hindu Daily Editorial and News Discussion: UPSC CSE

  3. Q.1) Consider the following statements with respect to 'SPYDER It is a surface-to-air missile It is an acquired missile system from Israel It has a strike range of about 15 km in low altitude Select the correct statements 1 and 2 2 and 3 1 and 3 All of the above

  4. Solution (d) The SPYDER (Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby) is an Israeli short and medium range mobile air defence system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems with assistance from Israel Aerospace Industries (IAl) Spyder', an acquired missile system from Israel, is a short-range, quick reaction surface- toair missile designed to strike an enemy air farget within a very short time The state-of-the-art missile has a strike range of about 15 km in low altitude .However, it is shorter than India's indigenously developed surface-to-air 'Akash' missile, which has a 25 km strike range.

  5. Q.2) Consider the following statements with respect to 'Igla-S missile system It is Russian man-portable air defence systems (MANPADS) technology It is designed for use against visible aerial targets at short range Select the correct code: 1 Only 2 Only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

  6. Solution (c) Itis latest model of Russian MANPADS (Man-portable . air-defense system) technology. It offers superior performance over earlier supplied SA- 18 missiles to India It is designed for use against visible aerial targets at short range such as 1o tactical aircraft, 2. helicopters, 3. unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs), 4. cruise missile, 5. head-on or receding, 6. in presence of natural (background) clutter and 7countermeasures Indian Army has picked Russia's Igla-S missile system s choice for its multibillion-dollar contract for man- portable air defence systems (MANPADS).

  7. Q.3) Consider the following system with respect to 'Akash Missile 1. It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. 2. It is a joint venture between the Russia and India Select the correct code: 1 Only 2 Only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

  8. Solution (d) Akash is a medium-range mobile surface- to-air missile defense system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) . for Missile Systems and Bharat Electronics (BEL) for other radars, control centers in India The missile system can target aircraft up tot 30 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m . It has the capability to "neutralise aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-tosurface missiles" as well as ballistic missiles. t is in operational service with the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.

  9. Q.4) INDRA NAVY' is a bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and a. Russian Navy b. French Navy Royal Navy d. Japanese Navy

  10. Solution (a) Russian Federation Navy Ships arrive Visakhapatnam to participate in INDRA NAVY 2018 none Russian Federation Navy (RuFN) Ships Varyag, Admiral Panteleyev and Boris Butoma arrived Visakhapatnam to participate in INDRA NAVY, the bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and Russian Federation Navy exercise on 09 Dec 18. . The 10th edition of exercise INDRA NAVY will be conducted at/off Visakhapatnam from 09 to 16 December 2018 The primary aim of the exercise is to increase inter- operability amongst the two navies, develop common understanding and procedures for maritime security operations. Initiated in 2003, INDRA NAVY exercise has matured over the years with increase in scope, complexity and levelof participation.

  11. Q.5) Consider the following statements about Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 Salt Pans are identified as wetlands in the 2017 rules It does not include artificial wetlands Select the correct statements 1 Only 2 Only .Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

  12. Solution (d) A new legal framework for wetlands was passed, the Wetland Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017, replacing the earlier Rules of 2010 Supreme Court passed an order directing States to identify wetlands in the country within a stipulated timeframe. The 2010 and 2017 Rules for wetlands both emphasise that the ecological character of wetlands ought to be maintained for their conservation. 'Ecological character' refers to processes and components which make the wetland a particular, and sometimes unique, ecosystem . . . .In the 2010 Rules, some related criteria were made explicit, such as natural beauty, Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules 2017 notified by Union Government ecological sensitivity, genetic diversity historical value, etc. These have been omitted in the 2017 Rules. Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change

  13. .Solution (b) Chang'e 4 is a Chinese lunar exploration mission that aims to achieve the first soft- landing on the far side of the Moon

  14. Q.8) Consider the following statements with respect to 'Sivalik 1. They are a mountain range of the outer Himalayas 2. They are chiefly composed of sandstone and conglomerate rock formations Select the correct code: 1cOnly 2 Only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

  15. Qumran Caves are a series of caves some natural, some artificial, found around the archaeological site of Qumran in the Judaean Desert of the West Bank .is in a number of these caves that the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered The caves are recognized in Israel as a National Heritage Site.

  16. Q.10) Which of the following countries is not a member of 'Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC'? a. Kuwait b. Bahrain c. Qatar d. Traq

  17. Solution (d) AFGHANISTAN GCC is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf except Iraq. Its member states are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. IRAQ IRAN KUWAIT PAKISTAN BAHRAIN SAUDI QUATAR ARABIAU.A.E INDIA

  18. Solution (c) The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, an environmental treaty egally binding for its Parties which too effect in 2003, regulates transboundary movements of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs) GM foods are within the scope of the Protocol only if they contain LMOs that are capable of transferring or replicating genetic material. GENETIC ENGINEERING APPRAISAL COMMITTEE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT FOREST AND CLIMATE CHANGE .The cornerstone of the Protocol is a requirement that exporters seek consent from importers before the first shipment of LMOs intended for release into the environment.

  19. Q.12) Consider the following statements with respect to Land Acquisition Act. 2013 1. It replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 2. The scope of the Act includes all land acquisition whether it is done by the Central Government of India, or any State Government of India, except the state of Jammu & Kashmir. 3. The provisions of the Act does not apply to acquisitions under the Railways Act, 1989 Select the correct code: 1 and 2 2 and 3 1 and 3 All of the above

  20. Solution (d) The Right to Fair Compensation and ransparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (also Land Acquisition Act, 2013) is an Act of Indian Parliament that regulates land acquisition and lays down the procedure and rules for granting compensation rehabilitation and resettlement to the affected persons in India. The Act has provisions to provide fair compensation to those whose land is taken away, brings transparency to the process of acquisition of land to set up factories or buildings, infrastructural projects and assures rehabilitation of those affected. The Act establishes regulations for land acquisition as a part of India's massive industrialisation drive driven by public-private partnership. The Act replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120- year-old law enacted during British rule Amendments to Land Acquisition Act

  21. Solution (b)

  22. Q.14) Consider the following statements with respect to 'Council on Energy Environment and Water (CCEW) 1. It was launched during the Paris Climate Summit in 2015 2. It is a brainchild of India and China Select the correct statements 1 Only 2 Only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

  23. Solution (d) Council on Energy, Environment and Water, commonly known as CEEW, is a Delhi-based not-for-profit policy research institution. . . . Some of CEEW's research areas include resource efficiency and security; water resources; renewable energy; sustainability finance; energytrade-climate linkages; integrated energy, environment and water plans and climate geoengineering governance .l he think-tank advises the Indian government

  24. Q.15) Edaphic factors are included in a. Abiotic components b.- Biotic components c. Consumers d. Producers