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SYLLABUS rl oedLocke theory ANALYTIC 1Descartes Paper l: History and Problems of Philosophy 1. Ancient / Greek Philosophers 2. Modern Philosophers 3. Contemporary Philosophers Moral moral ! reason studentssz Newton's REASONINGethics Mind human religion peopledualismintelligence problem ethod PlatoWittgenstein ARGUMENT aishanalknowledge question AristotleaBrai MetaphysicsCAUSE abstract unconscious thought cognitive 1deas study education IDEALISM Itcmghistory Truth
Ancient /Greek Philosophers 1. Plato 2. Aristotle Concepts: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
Modern Philosophers 1. Rationalism: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God, Mind-Body Dualism, Determinism and Freedom 2. Empiricism: Locke, Berkeley, Hume Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism 3. Rationalism + Empiricism Kant Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments, Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Exist nce of God 4. Transition: Hegel Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
Contemporary Philosophers 1. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defense of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols Picture Theory of Meaning, Saying and Showing. 2. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions 3. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games, Critique of Private Language. 4. Phenomenology (Husserl: Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism. 5. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence, Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the-world and Temporality. 6. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
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