Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Social Security Lesson-1 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
IN THIS LESSON Social Security Introduction Constitutional Provisions International Treaties
Social Security Any social protection program established by legislation which provides monetary assistance to vulnerable sections of the society with an inadequate or no income Vulnerable sections of the society include old age people, underprivileged, women and children, poor, differently abled, farmers, marginalized, unorganized labour- all of whom required some kind of support from the government to sustain their lives. Every individual is faced with social problems and risks at some point in his lifetime due to risks associated with old-age, illness, accident, unemployment, disability, maternity etc.
Social Security The ILO and other United Nations bodies use the terms social security and social protection interchangeably to refer to the benefits in cash or in kind to secure protection in case of social risks and needs. Social protection measures secure protection against, inter alia: lack of work-related income (or insufficient income), caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, or death of a family member; lack of access or unaffordable access to health care; insufficient family support, particularly for children and adult dependants; general poverty and social exclusion. '
Social Security The purpose of these social security policies are to alleviate or provide financial assistance for these problems and risks faced by persons exposed to these situations. It is duty of the government to protect these vulnerable sections and as a democratic state it cannot ignore the problem of its population. A responsible government has necessarily to plan and execute policies and programmes for social security of the vulnerable sections. Moreover, Social security should be treated as a social good, and not primarily as a mere instrument of economic or financial policy
Social Security Constitutional Provisions Article 41: Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases. The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want
Social Security Article 42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief. Article 43 Living wage, etc, for workers. The State shall endeavour to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities.
Social Security International Treaties The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights(ICESCR) Article 9 of the ICESCR (the Covenant) provides that, 'The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to social security, including social insurance. Article 10 of the Covenant sets out the right to social security benefits for mothers during a reasonable period before and after childbirth. Article 11 recognizes the right to paid leave India is a party to ICESCR. .
Social Security Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 26: States Parties shall recognize for every child the right to benefit from social security, including social insurance, and shall take the necessary measures to achieve the full realization of this right in accordance with their national law India is a party to this convention.
Social Security Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilitie:s Article 28: Adequate standard of living and social protection. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to an adequate standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to the continuous improvement of living conditions, and shall take appropriate steps to safeguard and promote the realization of this right without discrimination on the basis of disability. India is a party to this convention.
Social Security Affordability: If a social security scheme requires contributions, those contributions should be stipulated in advance. The direct and indirect costs and charges associated with making contributions must be affordable for all, and must not compromise the realization of other Covenant rights. Accessibility: All persons should be covered by the social security system, especially individuals belonging to the most disadvantaged and marginalized groups, without discrimination on any of the grounds prohibited Social security services must be affordable, and should have physical access