e-Governance Presented By: Roman Saini
In This Lesson e-Governance Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Definition Of e-Governance Introduction To e-Governance
e-Governance The emergence of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has provided means for faster and better communication, efficient storage, retrieval and processing of data. It also provided exchange and utilization of information to its users, be they individuals, groups, businesses, organizations or governments With growing computerization and increasing internet connectivity, this process has presently reached a stage where more and more users are motivated to modifying their ways of doing things in order to leverage the advantages provided by ICT. With the increasing awareness among citizens about their rights and the resultant increase in expectations from the government to perform and deliver, the whole paradigm of governance has changed.
e-Governance Government, today, is expected to be transparent in its dealings, accountable for its activities and faster in its responses. This has made the use of ICT imperative in any agenda drawn towards achieving good governance. . It has also led to the realization that such technologies could be used to achieve a wide range of objectives and lead to faster and more equitable development with a wider reach The tools of modern technology such as Information and Communications Technology (ICT) should be used to transform the relationship of the government with its constituents, citizens and businesses, and also between its own agencies.
e-Governance ICT facilitates efficient storing and retrieval of data, instantaneous transmission of information, processing information and data faster than the earlier manual systems, speeding up governmental processes, taking decisions expeditiously and judiciously, increasing transparency and enforcing accountability. . It also helps in increasing the reach of government both geographically and demographically. The advances in information and communications technologies and the internet provide opportunities to transform the relationship between governments and citizens and business in new ways that contribute to the attainment of good governance .
e-Governance They provide opportunities for people and business to involve themselves in the process of governance at all levels. They facilitate better service delivery to clients, in terms of timelines and quality, thus making governance more efficient and effective. .In addition, the use of ICT may lower transaction costs both for citizens and government operations and public services can be made more affordable to the people at large. The revolution in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has brought a whole new agenda for governance into the realm of possibility.
e-Governance Definition According to the World Bank "E-Government refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government. These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resulting benefits can be less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and/ or cost reductions."
e-Governance UNESCO defines e-Governance as "Governance refers to the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority in the management of a country's affairs, including citizens' articulation of their interests and exercise of their legal rights and obligations. E-Governance may be understood as the performance of this governance via the electronic medium in order to facilitate an efficient, speedy and transparent process of disseminating information to the public, and other agencies, and for performing government administration activities." Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, has visualized e-Governance in the Indian context to mean: "A transparent smart e-Governance with seamless access, secure and authentic flow of information crossing the interdepartmental barrier and providing a fair and unbiased service to the citizen."
e-Governance e in e-Governance stands for Electronic e-Governance is basically associated with carrying out the functions and achieving the results of governance through the utilization of what has today come to be known as ICT (Information and Communications Technology) e-Governance is the logical next step in the use of ICT in systems of governance in order to ensure wider participation and deeper involvement of citizens, institutions, civil society groups and the private sector in the decision making process of governance e-Governance is basically the application of Information and Communications Technology to the processes of Government functioning in order to bring about 'Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent' (SMART) governance.
e-Governance This would generally involve the use of ICTs by government agencies for any or all of the following reasons: Exchange of information with citizens, businesses or other government departments Speedier and more efficient delivery of public services Improving internal efficiency Reducing costs increasing revenue Restructuring of administrative processes and Improving quality of services. . The reason why countries around the world are increasingly opting for 'e-Governance' is that governance per se has become more complex and varied in the last few decades and more importantly, citizens' expectations from government have increased manifold
e-Governance The primary purpose of governance is the welfare of citizens. While one aspect of governance relates to safeguarding the legal rights of all citizens, an equally important aspect is concerned with ensuring equitable access to public services and the benefits of economic growth to all. . In this context, the purpose of implementing e-Governance is to improve governance processes and outcomes with a view to improving the delivery of public services to citizens.
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