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Introduction To Defense (for UPSC CSE)
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This lesson deals with: - Introduction to defense, Role of President and Role of Cabinet - Ministry of defense - All the other related departments - Paramilitary forces - Central Armed Police forces - Other Specialized forces.

Giri Prasad
Indian Revenue Service(IT) , Former Senior Analyst at Accenture.

U
Unacademy user
Ma'am a inspirational journey 🙏🙏🙏 Heads of to u Ma'am
Correction required - Coast guard does not fall under paramilitary. it falls under defence force of the country. Central Armed Police Forces were formerly referred as Paramilitary Forces however from March 2011, Ministry of Home Affairs adopted a uniform nomenclature of Central Armed Police Forces for five forces namely CRPF, BSF, ITBP, CISF, SSB to avoid confusion. SFF and Assam riles are however called paramilitary and are under army/ib/raw administrative control.
COBRA - Trained to tackle Left Wing Affected areas(Red corridor) Assam Rifles - to tackle insurgency in N.E
It also protects former PM and close family members of the PM.
CLARIFICATION : Indian Coast is Under Defense Ministry NOT MHA
Assam Riffles for counter insurgency operations, Commando battalion for resolute action (COBRA) which is part of CRPF is also for counter insurgency operations, then what is the difference b\w AR & COBRA as far as counter insurgency operations concern?
  1. CHAPTER -DEFENSE LESSON 2: Introduction to Defense Organisations,roles and forces. Presented by Giri Prasad Follow me on Unacademy https:/lunacademy.in/user/giri


  2. Chapter 1 : Introduction to Defense. Role of the President: Supreme Commander of the ARMED forces.(de jure) Can declare war or conclude peace "on the advice of Council of Ministers headed by PM" PS : PM is the de facto controller of the armed forces.


  3. Role of the Cabinet: The responsibility for national defence,rests with the Cabinet, which is discharged through the Ministry of Defence. All Important decisions are taken by the Cabinet.


  4. Ministry Of Defense and related departments: Headed by the Defense Minister. It Provides the policy framework and wherewithal to the Armed It Provides the policy framework and whe Forces to discharge their responsibilities. Obtains policy directions of the Government on all defence and security related matters. Communicates these directions to departments and organisations under it. Closely works with MEA and MHA


  5. Departments: Department of Defence - to evolve overall policies and implement them to strength the defense framework. ent of Defence to ev Department of Defence Production - to establish and administer defense PSUs and Ordnance Factories for the indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. Department of Defence Research & Development - to promote research and development(DRDO etc) rch & Development to Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare - Name says it all. Lately PMO has started playing an important role in framing Defense Policies


  6. Indian Armed Forces: Headed by Ministry of Defense. 3 Professional uniformed services: *Indian Army *Indian Navy *Indian Air Force.


  7. Functions To assert the territorial integrity of India. To defend the country from external forces. To support the civil community in case of disasters. To participate in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Mountain strike corps: India is raising a new to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.


  8. Paramilitary Forces: Headed by Ministry of Home Affairs. 3 paramilitary forces: *Indian Coast Guard protects India's maritime interests and enforces maritime law within territorial waters *Assam Rifles - internal security,border security and counter insurgency operations Assam Rifles- intermal security,border security and counter *Special Frontier Force - for covert operations and intelligence activities in border areas especially near China Border.


  9. Central Armed Police Forces Headed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. Central Reserve Police Force - for intermal security maoism ,sectarian violence etc *Border Security Force - Guarding border security areas - Example Indo-Pak boundary *Indo - Tibetan Border Police - Guarding the INDO-BORDER. *Central Industrial Security Force - to protect critical ,nationally important infrastructure *Sashastra Seema Bal - Guarding Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan border


  10. Other Specialised forces: National Security Guard - Counter Terrorism operations Special Protection Group - To protect the PM Railway Protection Force - For securing Indian Railways