CHAPTER -DEFENSE LESSON 2: Introduction to Defense Organisations,roles and forces. Presented by Giri Prasad Follow me on Unacademy https:/lunacademy.in/user/giri
Chapter 1 : Introduction to Defense. Role of the President: Supreme Commander of the ARMED forces.(de jure) Can declare war or conclude peace "on the advice of Council of Ministers headed by PM" PS : PM is the de facto controller of the armed forces.
Role of the Cabinet: The responsibility for national defence,rests with the Cabinet, which is discharged through the Ministry of Defence. All Important decisions are taken by the Cabinet.
Ministry Of Defense and related departments: Headed by the Defense Minister. It Provides the policy framework and wherewithal to the Armed It Provides the policy framework and whe Forces to discharge their responsibilities. Obtains policy directions of the Government on all defence and security related matters. Communicates these directions to departments and organisations under it. Closely works with MEA and MHA
Departments: Department of Defence - to evolve overall policies and implement them to strength the defense framework. ent of Defence to ev Department of Defence Production - to establish and administer defense PSUs and Ordnance Factories for the indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. Department of Defence Research & Development - to promote research and development(DRDO etc) rch & Development to Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare - Name says it all. Lately PMO has started playing an important role in framing Defense Policies
Indian Armed Forces: Headed by Ministry of Defense. 3 Professional uniformed services: *Indian Army *Indian Navy *Indian Air Force.
Functions To assert the territorial integrity of India. To defend the country from external forces. To support the civil community in case of disasters. To participate in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Mountain strike corps: India is raising a new to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.
Paramilitary Forces: Headed by Ministry of Home Affairs. 3 paramilitary forces: *Indian Coast Guard protects India's maritime interests and enforces maritime law within territorial waters *Assam Rifles - internal security,border security and counter insurgency operations Assam Rifles- intermal security,border security and counter *Special Frontier Force - for covert operations and intelligence activities in border areas especially near China Border.
Central Armed Police Forces Headed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. Central Reserve Police Force - for intermal security maoism ,sectarian violence etc *Border Security Force - Guarding border security areas - Example Indo-Pak boundary *Indo - Tibetan Border Police - Guarding the INDO-BORDER. *Central Industrial Security Force - to protect critical ,nationally important infrastructure *Sashastra Seema Bal - Guarding Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan border
Other Specialised forces: National Security Guard - Counter Terrorism operations Special Protection Group - To protect the PM Railway Protection Force - For securing Indian Railways