Saumya Mehra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Concept of Child- Centered Education
Child- Centered Education Child- centered learning is one aspect of progressive education because it considers learning as a natural process for a child in which it learns from carrying out day-to-day activities. However, the teacher focuses on a child's learning not on what the teacher teaches. The teacher must act as a guide who encourages, instructs and stimulates a child as per his/her needs because every child has different capabilities and needs. It is also known as learner-centered education encompasses methods of teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student. Student-centered learning aims to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning path.
Child-centered education is most characterized by learning 'centers' in a classroom the promote hands-on, active participation of a child. It is relatively new approach to education where the whole idea is that learning should be fun and engaging for the child and is most likely to be that way if the child is in-charge of the learning experience rather than the parent or teacher.
Characteristics of Child-Centered Education * It considers the growth of a child as a priority * It makes the child's learning interesting and meaningful. * It recognizes the child's potential and utilizes it effectively ** It leads to overall development of the child in physical, moral and spiritual areas. * It enables the child to learn through experience.
Characteristics of Child-Centered Education Every child is a unique and special individual attention is given to teach every children irrespective of their age, gender, culture, temperament, and learning style. * Child-centered teachers teach students how to think, solve problems, evaluate evidence, analyze arguments-all these learning skills essential to mastering material in the discipline * Child-centered teaching encourages collaboration.
Principles of Child- Centered Education
Child- Centered Education a) Understanding of Child Psychology: The teacher must understand that the children's behavior is governed by their requirements, social conditions, abilities, etc. Thus, shifting the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student. Teacher will need to adopt different strategies for educating the children.
Child- Centered Education 2. Evaluation and Learning: Evaluation of learning is important to understand that it has been effective. It ensures that the development of the child proceeds as planned and allows corrections to be made where a child is not learning as required. This evaluation is carried out through multiple means like projects, discussions, activities, etc
Child- Centered Education 3. Syllabus: This need to be upgraded periodically but must be based on a psychological analysis of the children's needs and valued. It should be flexible to take care of all the types of learners.
Child- Centered Education 4. Managing Discipline: Child psychology is used to manage discipline in a child-centered classroom. The teacher will need to have a flexible response to various kinds of indiscipline indulged by the learners. They need to understand the real reason behind this behavior and act accordingly to maintain discipline
6. Teachers must include assignment components in which students reflect, analyze and critique what they are learning and how they are learning it. The goal is to make students aware of themselves as learners and to make learning skills something students can develop.