Biomes of the World By Monalisha Chutia
I am a Post graduate in Botany. Cleared SLET 2018 My hobbies are Singing, dancing, gardening, reading books. .
Introduction Biogeography is important as a branch of geography that sheds light on the natural habitats around the world. present locations the world's natural habitats. * Essential in understanding why species are in their So that we can also develop the strategies of protecting
. Biome: a major regional community of plants and animals with similar life forms and environmental conditions. A Biome is named after the dominant type of life form.
. Forests are the large carbon storage of the world Plays important role in providing oxygen to the atmosphere . Why different types of forests? o Because of varying topology o Climatic conditions . There are 13 major types of biomes
Types of Biomes 1. Tundra 2. Boreal/Taiga 3. Temperate Coniferous forests 4. Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed forests 5. Temperate Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands 6. Mountain Grasslands and Shrublands 7. Deserts and Xeric Shrublands 8. Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands and Scrub
9.I ropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands 10. Flooded Grasslands and Savannas 11. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf forests 12. Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests 13. Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
T undra Biome . Temperature, precipitation and evaporation: minimum Coldest of all biomes. Characterized by the absence of trees, presence of low-lying shrubs, mosses, and lichens Plants are lichens like Reindeer moss. . Sedges dominate sites.
o About 400 varieties of flowering plants occur. . Plants are generally small, are adapted to soil disturbance, and reproduce via budding or other forms. . Permafrost soil (frozen)