POLITY ELECTIONS INTRODUCTION
Federalism is a political term which means a group of members bound by a legal agreement guided by a representative leader India is a federal nation where the legal agreement is synonymous to the Constitution of India and group of members comprise of the 29 states and 7 union territories It includes a three tier system where the first is the Central Government, second is the State Government and third tier is in the form of panchayats and municipalities
It is one of the important aspects of a government organization to provide a tool for change, in legal terms this tool is called Elections An election in a nation provides opportunities to its people to select in terms of their better prospects The supreme legislative body in India is comprised of The President and the two houses namely Lok Sabha (Lower House or House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Upper House or Council of States)
In India, there are three levels of government, i.e., Center level State level, and Local level Elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India At center level, elections are conducted to elect Member of Parliament, which is known as Lok Sabha elections
For Lok Sabha election, the whole country is divided into 543 constituencies and each constituency elects one representative as a Member of Parliament (MP) At the State level, an election is called assembly election however, unlike center, each state is divided into a different specific number of Assembly constituencies
The elected representative in the assembly election is called as the Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) Similarly, at the local level, elections are held for the election of Pradhan in Panchayat (rural) areas and counselor in Municipal (urban) areas Each village or town is divided into several wards (similar to constituencies) and each ward elects one member of the village or the urban local body respectively
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