Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Various Security Forces In India And Their Mandate LESSON-1 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
In This Lesson Introduction Indian Security Environment Security Agencies Under Ministry of Defence . The Indian Army
Introduction Indian Security Environment . India's security environment is defined by a complex interplay of regional and global imperatives and challenges. The size and the strategic location of the country places us at the centre of a security dynamic, impacted concurrently by the positive forces of regional and global connectivity on the one side and by the consequences arising from unpredictability, instability and volatility in parts of immediate and extended neighbourhood, on the other. .As India seeks to achieve transformative national growth and development internally, we pursue a robust defence strategy and policies which aim to address the wide spectrum of conventional and non-conventional security challenges faced by the country
Introduction A nation may face variety of security issues. They may be classified as external and internal threats. . In India, the external threats are handled by Ministry of Defence and Internal threats are handled by Ministry of Home Affairs. External Threats The Government of India is responsible for ensuring the defence of India and every part thereof. The Supreme Command of the Armed Forces vests in the President. The responsibility for national defence rests with the Cabinet. This is discharged through the Ministry of Defence. '
Introduction Internal Threats .The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) discharges multifarious responsibilities, the important among them being - internal security, management of para-military forces, border management, Centre-State relations, administration of Union Territories, disaster management, etc. .The Ministry of Home Affairs continuously monitors the internal security situation, issues appropriate advisories, shares intelligence inputs, extends manpower and financial support, guidance and expertise to the State Governments for maintenance of peace and security.
Security Agencies Under Ministry of Defence The Department of Defence under MoD deals with the three Services 1. Army 2. Air Force 3. Navy and Coast Guard. It is also responsible for the Defence Budget, establishment matters, defence policy, matters relating to Parliament, defence cooperation with foreign countries, and coordination of all defence related activities. It is headed by Defence Secretary who is assisted by Director General (Acquisition), Additional Secretaries and Joint Secretaries.
The Indian Army . The changing global geo-political dynamics presents the Nation with . Indian Army is mandated to safeguard National Interests from External . While constantly reviewing its operational preparedness/ postures to multiple security challenges. Aggression and Internal Subversion. meet the perceived security challenges, the Indian Army (IA) is committed to the defence of the country from external and internal threats across the entire spectrum of warfare . Also, in times of disaster/natural calamities, the Indian Army is at the forefront, providing aid and succour to the affected people.
The Indian Army Tasks and Mandate . War Fighting to meet External Aggression. Internal Security Management to include Internal Threats. * Force Projection Peace Keeping Operations or Military Assistance to friendly foreign countries Render Humanitarian Assistance, Disaster Relief and Aid to Civil Authorities. The primary mission of the Indian Army is to ensure national security and national unity, defending the nation from external aggression and internal threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, like Operation Surya Hope, and can also be requisitioned by the government to cope with internal threats.
The Indian Army Command and Control Of The Indian Army The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces As in all democracies, the Indian Armed Forces are controlled by the elected political leadership of the Nation - The Government of India. Executive control is exercised sequentially through the Union Cabinet, the Defence Minister, the Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) and the Chiefs of Army, Naval and Air Staff of their respective Services. The Ministry of Defence handles matters related to personnel, financial and resource management.
The Indian Army Organisation And Structure . Army headquarters is located in the Indian capital, New Delhi, and it is under the overall command of the Chief of Army Staff (COAS) The army operates six operational commands namely Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western, Central and South Western Command. Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant General. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in New Delhi. There is also the Army Training Command (ARTRAC) Besides these, army officers may head tri-service commands such as the Strategic Forces Command and Andaman and Nicobar Command, as well as institutions like Integrated Defence Staff.
The Indian Army .An Infantry Brigade usually has three Infantry Battalions along with various Support Elements. It is commanded by a brigade commander who is a Brigadier, equivalent to a Brigadier General in some armies. Battalion: Composed of four rifle companies. Commanded by a battalion commander who is a Colonel and is the Infantry's main fighting unit. Every infantry battalion also possesses one Ghatak Platoor. .Company: Composed of three platoons. Commanded by a Company Commander who is a Major or Lieutenant-Colonel Platoon: Composed of three sections. Commanded by a Platoon Commander who is a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) Section: Smallest military outfit with a strength of 10 personnel. Commanded by a Section Commander of the rank of Havaldar. .