SOLID WASTE By SRUTHI SRINIVAS
INCLUDES: How can we manage solid waste? Importance of three R's. What policies are made for solid waste management in India?
ABOUT ME EDUCATION:-doing bachelors in Andhra University INTERESTS: Archaeology drives me out V Passionate Learner Polity Enthusiast Follow me at https://unacademy.com/user/sruthi6470 .
MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE This usually takes place using "three R's": 1. Reduce 2. Reuse 3. Recycle * This is usually done before destruction and safe storage of wastes.
1.Reduction in use of raw materials Reduction in use of raw materials will correspondingly decrease the production of waste Reduced demand for any metallic product will decrease the mining of its metal and would cause less production of waste.
2 Reuse of waste material Reusing the products which are discarded can reduce the amount of waste. For instance refillable container can be reused, making rubber bands from discarded cycle tubes etc. ,Because of financial constraints poor reuse their materials to the maximum
3.Recycling of materials Recycling is the reprocessing of discarded materials into new useful products. A. Formation of same product: old aluminium cans and glass bottles are melted and recast into new cans and bottles. B. F rmation of new products: preparation of cellulose insulation from paper, preparation of fuel pellets from kitchen waste, preparation of automobiles and construction materials from steel cans.
IMPORTANCE OF "THREE R'S" Saves money, energy, raw materials and land space used for landfills. It reduces the pollution of soil, water and air. Recycling paper reduce cutting down of trees. . Reuse of metals will reduce mining and melting of ores for recovery of metals and prevent pollution.
MSW MANAGEMENT IN INDIA India is the third largest producer of waste, specifically municipal solid waste( MSW), in the world. It ha disproportionately high urban waste generation rates per capita because of lack of proper MSW management infrastructure. Until 2000, we don't have any law concentrating on how to deal with MSW.
Environmental related legislation such as Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and envionment Protectioct,1986 was ntrducMSW was negl cted Certain rules like Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 and Biomedical Waste (Management and handling) Rules, 1998 dealt partially.
MSW RULES,2000 The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000 shall apply to every municipal authority is responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation,, processing and disposal of municipal solid wastes.
. The mission contains two sub-missions 1. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("Gramin" or rural), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs e It to eradicate open defecation by 2 October 2019.
2016 SWACHH SARVEKSHAN SURVEY 73 cities are surveyed and top five Cleanest cities are: 1. Mysore (Karnataka) 2. Chandigarh 3. Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu) 4. New Delhi 5. Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh)
2017 SWACHH SARVEKSHAN SURVEY conducted across 500 cities and top five cities are: 1. Indore 2. Bhopal 3. Visakhapatnam 4. Surat 5. Mysore
THANK YOU Sruthi Srinivas
Presently doing bachelors in Andhra University college of engineering.interested in learning, reading novels, exposures,rides....