International Relations for UPSC CSE 2019 Palak Sharma
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INDIA-AFGHANISTAN RELATIONS e-
INDIA'S INVESTMENT IN AFGHANISTAN - India's reconstruction and development assistance to Afghanistan has been over $2 billion . A hospital in Kabul . The country's parliament building - A 218 km road from Zaranj to Delaram for better connectivity from the Iranian border Kabul Friendship Dam -The 220kV DC transmission line from Pul-e-Khumri to - Salma dam in Herath, also called the Afghanistan-India
- Scholarships, cultural exchanges and goodwill - Bollywood movies and cricket are a big hit in - Afghans view Indians as their friends Training Afghanistan's policemen and civil servants gestures like food supply after earthquakes Afghanistan More recently India has donated M-25 attack helicopters to Afghanistan which is seen as a policy shift as earlier India avoided any military support
CONCERNS Taliban is still strong and its anti-Indian nature - Strong interference of Pakistan in Afghan affairs - Increased interest of China due to OBOR initiative and Afghanistan's mineral resources Withdrawal of US forces
COOPERATIVE STANCES Kabuliwala -> Rabindranath Tagore-> underlines age old relations between two countries. Indo-Afghan Friendship Treaty in 1950->aid programmes have reached to large part of Afghanistan To help create an enabling environment for the Afghan people to realise their vision of a functioning democracy that contributes to regional peace and prosperity, Afghanistan and India signed a Strategic Partnership Agreement in 201:1
- India provided Afghanistan four MI-25 helicopters to enhance its air capability in the fight against a relentless terror campaign. - China, Iran and Russia->need to collaborate with Afghanistan and India ->SCO-All effected by terrorism
WHAT IS AT STAKE FOR INDIA? . India has invested in economic reconstruction in post-Taliban - India has built Salma dam in Herat province, which will boost - Iran's Chabahar port, which has been built with Indian aid will - India is one of the closest regional powers that has invested in -Besides the infrastructure work India has initiated and Afghanistan. the agricultural and industrial sectors of Herat. be linked to Afghan road networks. institution and infrastructure building in Afghanistan. completed, it has also signed the TAPI pipeline project that aims to bring natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Pakistan to India.
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS - Recent PM visit to Afghanistan . India gave 4 Mi-35 helicopters signaling a change in strategy by giving combat equipment. Earlier India avoided any kind of military relationship. "Quadrilateral Cooperation Group" (QCG): made up of the U.S., China, Pakistan and Afghanistan that are facilitating the talks with the Taliban. India is not a part of it as talking with Taliban is against ideals of Indian foreign policy.
WHY INDIA SHOULD NOT TAKE PART IN THESE NEGOTIATIONS? . India can ruin its goodwill if afghans see India as interfering in their internal matters. US is withdrawing and India might be left alone Interference could further worsen India's relation with Pakistan
OUTCOME OF 6 NATIONS TALK O AFGHANISTAN PEACE PROCESS - 6 nations talk was held in Moscow. . India and Afghanistan took a hard line opposing the dominant view from Russia, China and Pakistan to involve the Taliban in reconciliation efforts. Afghanistan made a strong pitch for the United States to be included as one of its most important partners. " The key challenge to the process remains policy of good and bad terrorism
India welcomed this step - India backs the peace talks, but wants action against any members of the Taliban and their sponsors who don't join the process. The government's position is consistent with India's support to an Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled reconciliation process, within the framework of the Afghan Constitution and the internationally accepted red lines.
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