Ayussh Sanghi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INFRASTRUCTURE Part - 4 By Ayussh Sanghi
Classification of Infrastructure Energy/Power: Conventional and non- conventional sources of energy Primary sources of energy include coal, hydro-electric power, petroleum, oil and gas which help in generation of electricity 2. Modes of transport Railways, Roadways, Shipping and Civil Aviation 3. Communications: Telecommunications, Telephone and mobile services, Postal service, Broadband 4. Banking, Insurance and Financial services 4. Banking. Insura 5. Irrigation facilities and storage infrastructure 6. Potable water and sanitation facilities are also an integral part of infrasiructuranitation facilitis are also an i infrastructure.
1. Energy/ Power sector Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) ava DDUGJY subsumed Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) Nodal implementing agency Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) Aims To provide continuous To provide continuous power supply' to all rural areas in India. suppllnual areas in lndia. To provide continuous power supply, to all rural areas in India.
Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) To enhance the performance of DISCOMs ( electricity distribution companies) Important features of this scheme are: States shall take over 75% of DISCOM debt (as on September 30, 2015) in two phases 50% in 2015-16 25% in 2016-17 ii. In return, bonds guaranteed by the state government wil be issued to the DISCOMs, which will help in reducing interest rates Eventually, this will help in reducing the cost of power and 'enforce financial discipline' on the DISCOMs.
National LED Programme Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All -UJALA Earlier called Domestic Efficient Lighting Program- DELIP. . Unnat Jyoti Implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL). EESL is a joint venture comprising the PSUs under the Ministry of Power, Government of India Aims 'to promote efficient use of energy at the residential level' by distributing LED bulbs through special counters
National Smart Grid Mission A smart grid is an electrical grid with automation, communication and IT systems that can monitor power flows from points of generation to points of consumption (sometimes even down to the appliances level) and control the power flow or curtail the load to match generation on real-time basis" This mechanism is cost-effective and a more reliable means of power generation and consumption NSGM is 'an institutional mechanism for planning, monitoring and implementation of policies and programs related to Smart Grid activities'
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) For the welfare of people and districts adversely affected by mining activities. -To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas'. Implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) ("The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations".)
2. Transport i. Railways India has the third largest rail network in the world. .The 2016-2017 Railway Budget focuses on reorganizing and restructuring the Indian Railways i.e. 'Chalo, Milkar Kuch Naya Karen' through a three-pronged strategy: a) Nav Arjan -New revenues b) Nav Manak New norms c Nav Sanrachna New Structures
Parichaalan Indian Railways has introduced a new mobile application for freight operations An MoU was signed between Japan and India on December 12, 2016 to implement the High Speed Train Project. This project will cover a stretch of 12 stations between Mumbai and Sabarm ii. Roadways India is placed second in the largest road network ranking in the world.
Initiatives taken by the government are: SARDP- NE: Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for North- Eastern region. Bharatmala Programme: It is an umbrella scheme that comprises four major programmes