unacademy 1 March 2018 [Ed 1] The Hindu Editorial Analysis Today we shall discuss: E-way bills redux beliverc n Coumater Sciead Halving the syllabus, squaring knowledge . Mwiden UPSC Maitn B.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering, NIT . Held on arrival MCQs for Prelims 2018 Exam in 2016 and 2017 with Physics Optional
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Q1 With reference to the e-way bill regime, consider the following statements 1) A single e-way bill will be valid for a consignment from its point of origin to its destination regardless of the mode of transportation. 2) The bill allotted for a consignment will be valid for a duration depending on the distance that the consignment needs to move. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
Q2 Which of the following is/are Anthropogenic sources of Mercury emission: Q3 Consider the following statements with respect to Organization for slamic Cooperation (OIC). 1) Coal-fired power plants 1) It was founded in 1969. 2) All West Asian states, except 2) Mines engaged in gold Iran, hold the membership of OIC. production 3) Cement production 4) Manufacture of batteries Select the correct answer using the codes below. a) 1, 2 and 3 only b) 2 and 4 only c) 1 only d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 3) India has been blocked by OIC on the "Kashmir Issue". Which of the above is/are correct? a) 1 Only b) 2 Only c) 1 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3
E-way bills redux The group of ministers assessing technology issues related to the Goods and Services Tax regime has proposed rolling out on April 1 the e-way bill system to track inter-State movement of goods above the value of 50,000. 8s3esons d palig out on Aaril i the eve ol 5o 0o A final decision on the launch of the system will now be taken by the GST Council at its next meeting. DA plan to start it on February 1 had to be abandoned after the IT network to create the bills crashed in its first few hours after generating about five lakh bills. OT he government decided to defer its roll-out till the technical glitches like those businesses faced while filing online returns on the GST Network initially after its July 1 roll-out last year, were removed. .
For intra-State goods movement, the government had said all States must launch their own e-way bill systems by June 1. Now the ministerial group headed by Bihar Finance Minister Sushil Modi has proposed that instead of bringing all States and Union Territories on board together, introducing intra-State e-way Bills in four or five at a time is better For businesses with operations across the country, this proposal will pose a fresh compliance headache as some States may require e-way Bills for internal movement of goods while others will not. Industry already has several reservations about the e-way bill regime, including the norm that such bills are generated for all goods travelling 10 km from the point of origin
The government's haste is understandable, given its fiscal compulsions. After a monthly inflow of over 90,000 crore in the first three months ,revenuecollections dippe that the Centre reckoned From a peak of 92,283 crore in July 2017-that the Centre reckoned of the tax regime, revenue collections dipped. was adequate to deal with its revenue targets and compensate States for revenue losses GST collections between October and January averaged 4,294 crore per month. This may be partly because of the large-scale rationalisation of tax rates carried out recently, but registered taxpayers are also finding ways to avoid tax dues. of as ware tartiedou recentiy bur renstre
Data for January bear this out-about 69% of the over one crore registered businesses filed returns, with wide variations across territories. In Punjab, 83% taxpayers filed returns, while industrially developed States, including Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, didn't fare as wel. This disparity must be factored in by the GST Council when it considers proposals for a staggered launch of the intra-State e-way bill system. Boosting compliance is critical for further rationalisation of multiple GST rates, the Finance Minister has said. To achieve that goal, it must be ensured that States and industry are comfortable with the e-way bill regime, and that the IT backbone doesn't crash this time.
With reference to the e-way bill regime, If you want to move goods worth more than Rs 50,000 under consider the following statements: GST, you will need prior online the consignment and secure an 'e-way bill' that tax officials can inspect anytime 1) A single e-way bill will be valid and secure ae registration of the consignment 1) A single e-way bill will be valid for a consignment from its point during the transit to check tax evasion. In a nutshell, without an of origin to its destination regardless of the mode of transportation. The bill allotted for a consignment will be valid for a duration depending on the distance that the consignment needs to move. e-way bill, goods worth over Rs 50,000 simply cannot move Issues around the e-way bills: the validity of the bill depends on the distance that the 2) Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 Ans b oods were to travel For example, If you have to transport heavy machinery like a Boiler on a specialized truck, the number of days it may take for it to cover 500 km can be much more than the eway bill-specified-validity of 10 days Unless a company has the IT system to support and generate way bills in real time, it will be a huge issue A new e-way bill should be generated whenever the mode of transport of a consignment is changed. This can be a serious problem for e-commerce companies that use various modes of transport for delivery of the same itenm
The FIPB's stand was that such downstream investment required separate clearance The FIR alleges that in order to avoid penal action, INX Media roped in Mr. Karti to influence "public servants of the FIPB Unit in the Finance Ministry by virtue of his relationship to the then Finance Minister" The charges against him flow from the claim that a company said to be linked to him received 10 lakh as "management consultancy charges towards FIPB notification and clarification" and that other companies in which he allegedly had interests billed INX Media to the tune of 3.50 crore in the name of providing media content and consultancy. New charges of Mr. Karti accepting $1 million from INX Media have been used to secure his remand.
NCERT syllabus to be halved from 2019, detentions may be introduced: Javadekar Human resource development minister Prakash Javadekar also expressed concern over the poor quality of teachers, which he said was resulting in poor learning outcomes. HRD NCERT: From the academic session 2019, the NCERT syllabus will be reduced to half, providing relief to school students, said HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar the school syllabus was more than that of BA and B Com courses, and it needed to be reduced by half so that students get time for other activities for their all-round development examinations and detentions would be introduced "At the stage of development of cognitive skills, students need to be given full freedom. I have asked NCERT to reduce the syllabus by half and it will be effective from the 2019 academic session,". "Without examination, there is no competition and no target. There must be an element of competition for better outcomes,". If a student fails in March, he would get another chance in May. If student flunks both the times, then only he/she would be detained. Javadekar added that poor quality of teachers is a major concern as it is resulting in poor learning outcomes. "The basic task of teachers is to assess the strengths and weaknesses of students and mentor them accordingly,".
Given that the global economy is geared towards knowledge production, children's syllabi are unlikely to ever contract simply because new discoveries and the re-interpretation of old knowledge continuously filter their way from research papers to graduate level dissertations to undergraduate curricula and eventually school textbooks. Two decades ago, it was possible to graduate from elite urban English-medium schools without knowing a programming language and while Darwinian evolution has long been high- school stuff, man-made climate change is already creeping into middle school examinations. The checklist So when policy-makers sit to decide on the portions of syllabi that need junking, where would they begin? Logarithms? Because who needs a log-table to multiply big numbers, but then it's the concept of logarithms that helps conveniently illustrate a 10,000-year history of warming trends in the globe. Or maybe they would chop out redundant historical bits of the events leading up to lndas freedom movement? The recent controversy over the theory of evolution shows that even at the highest level of government, there are influential people who haven't quite understood why biological evolution is a necessary part of making sense of the world.
In the meantime, with the entire ecosystem of exam-oriented guide books and coaching classes that require entrance examinations just to get into them, we will continue to churn out a highly educated workforce, which Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak recently described as extremely hard working, ambitious and desirous of the "great life" but lacking in creativity In the age of the Web, the ability to memorise facts is a vestigial skill. However, given that knowledge is so much more contested and multi-faceted, it stands to reason that school students need to be trained to apply facts to real-world problems and be evaluated in their abilities to critique, seek out information and produce knowledge of their own. This requires educators to re-imagine testing- everywhere, from kindergarten to management and encourage new Mozarts who're confident of their creativity.
Which of the following is/are Anthropogenic sources of Mercury emission: Coal-fired power plants : These plants emit harmful pollutants, including mercury, non-mercury metallic toxics, acid gases, and organic air toxics such as dioxin. 1) Coal-fired power plants 2) Mines engaged in gold production 3) Cement production 4) Manufacture of batteries Select the correct answer using the codes below. a) 1, 2 and 3 only b) 2 and 4 only c) 1 and 3 only d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 Ans: d) Toxic gold mine waste includes dangerous chemicals such as arsenic, lead, mercury, petroleum byproducts, acids, cyanide etc. Cement sector is one of the largest industrial sources of pollution, emitting pollutants like mercury and harmful gases like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and carbon monoxide
Consider the following statements The OIC = an international organization, founded in 1969. with respect to Organization for slamic Cooperation (OIC) it consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan. Administrative centre (headquarters) is in Jeddah, Saudi 1) It was founded in 1969. 2) All West Asian states, Arabia. OIn this organisation, India is a blocked country, though it except Iran, hold the membership of OIC has about 12% of the world's Muslim population. India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue. OIC regard parts of Kashmir as "occupied by India". India has been blocked by OIC on the "Kashmir Issue" 3) Which of the above is/are correct? a) 1 Only b) 2 Only c) 1 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3 Ans: C Its Objectives: (i) Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world. (ii) Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony. OIC has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union.
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