CLASS-9 CHAPTER-1 GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH DISASTER MANAGEMENT Becoming a disaster manager By Sruthi Srinivas
ABOUT ME EDUCATION:-doing bachelors in Andhra University INTERESTS: Passionate Learner Polity Enthusiast Archaeology drives me out .Follow me at https://unacademy.com/user/sruthi6470
WHAT IS HAZARD? Hazard is a dangerous event, natural or human induced that could cause injury, loss of life or damage to property, livelihood or environment. Hazards are classified into: 1. Natural hazards 2. Socio-natural hazards 3. Human-induced hazards
Natural hazards are caused by nature and cant be predictable. ex: earthquakes Socio-natural hazards which are caused by both natura/and human induced ex: floods, landslides, drought. For instance flooding in an area can take place because of excessive rain which is natural phenomenon or because of lack of proper drainage facility which is because of human negligence. Human-induced hazards are industrial accidents, rail, road and air accidents, terrorist attacks, dam failures, leakage of toxic waste, war and civil strife etc
WHAT IS DISASTER A disaster whether natural or human-induced is an event which results in widespread human loss Accompanied by -Joss of livelihood, property causing suffering loss in definite area.
COMMON FEATURES IN AREAS AFFECTED BY DISASTER Disruption in normal functioning of the society, thereby affecting a large number of people. Large scale loss to life, property, livelihood thereby affecting the community which requires external aid to cope up with the losses A big blow to the country's economy.
TYPES OF DISASTERS . Disasters can be categorized into various types based on the speed and origin/cause. Based on the speed Slow Rapid Based on cause Natural Human-induced
BASED ON THE SPEED Slow onset disaster: a disaster that prevails for many days, months or even years like drought, environmental degradation, pest infestation, famine etc. Rapid onset disaster: a disaster that is triggered by an instantaneous shock. The impact of this disasters be short lived or long term. Earthquake, cyclone, flash floods, volcanic eruption are some examples.
BASED ON THE CAUSE Natural disasters: a natural disaster is an event that is caused by a natural hazard and leads to human, material, economic and environmental losses, which exceed the ability of those afected to cope. ex: tsunami, earthquake. Huma-induced disasters: a serious disruption of normal life triggered by a human-induced hazard causing man, material, economic and environmental losses, which exceed the ability of those affected to cope. ex: Bhopal gas tragedy, train derailment etc
WHEN DOES A HAZARD LEAD TO A DISASTER? A disaster occurs when the impact of a hazardon a section of society is such that the people re unable to cope with the event, causing death, injury, loss of property and economic losses.
WHAT IS RISK? Risk is the probability of harmful consequences, or expected losses, such as deaths, injuries, loss of property and livelihood, disruption in the economic activity and environmental degradation resulting from interactions between hazards and vulnerable conditions. risk often exist within social systems. . For instance: poor in slums face adverse effects of floods both intermediate or long-term.
WHAT IS DISASTER MANAGEMENT? Disaster management covers the range of activities designed to maintain control over disasters/emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping people to avoid, reduce the effects of, or recover from impact of a disaster Activities may be related to preparedness, mitigation, emergency response, relief and recovery
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