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Difference Between key Terms
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Alisha Mahajan
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  1. Research Ethics Research that involves human subjects or participants raises unique and complex ethical, legal, social and political issues. Research ethics is specifically interested in the analysis of ethical issues that are raised whern people are involved as participants in research. There are three objectives in research ethics.

  2. Ethical Principles There are three primary ethical principles- 1. Autonomy 2. Beneficence 3. Justice

  3. Components of Ethical Research- 1. Disclosure 2. Understanding 3. Voluntariness 4. Competence 5. Consent

  4. Paper, Workshop, Seminar Paper A research paper is a piece of academic writing that requires a more abstract, critical and thoughtful level of inquiry than you might be used to. You will gradually pick up that mindset the more you envelop yourself in tutorial discussions and lectures at the college level and of course, the more you write. Not just research papers but any paper

  5. Types of Research Paper There are generally two types of research paper, which are as follows: 1. Analytical Papers 2. Argumentative (or Persuasive) Papers

  6. Workshop To sustain and diversify outstanding technical workforce in research fields will require significant creativity and investment in educational infrastructure so that more students, particularly freshmen and sophomores will be encouraged

  7. Some of the major benefits of participation in the workshop are as under: (a)Development of skills (b)Thinking and working like a scientist (c) Clarification of educational and career goals (d)Enhanced preparation for future career (lecturer, manager etc.) te seleonfidence as a researcher taken seriously by others (f) Socialization into the profession (g)Sense of responsibility and independence as a researcher

  8. Objectives of the Workshop The objectives of the workshop are to: 1. Define and refine the problem of enhancing and expanding the opportunities for researcher 2. Consider alternative models of research through presentations of model programmes

  9. Seminar When you are presenting the seminar on oral report, focus on common problem areas such as these: 1. Timing 2. Volume 3. Pacing and Speed 4. Gestures and Posture 5. Verbal Crutches

  10. Planning and Preparing Visuals for Oral Presentations 1. Transparencies for overhead projector 2. Posterboard-size charts 3. Handouts 4. Objects

  11. As for the content of visuals consider these ideas: 1. Drawing or diagram of key objects 2. Tables, charts, graphs 3. Outline of your talk, report or both 4. Key terms and definitions 5. Key concepts or points

  12. Thesis Writing and Format Its Characteristics To enable readers to replicate your experiment or survey, first, you discuss set-up issues such as the problem and objectives, then you discuss the procedures, then the data resulting from those procedures, then your conclusions based upon that data. So, the format of thesis will contain the following sequence:

  13. 2. Purpose, Objectives and Scope 3. Review of Literature 4. Materials, Equipment, Facilities 5. Theory, Methods and Procedures 6. Results, Findings and Data 7. Discussion, Conclusions and Recommendations 8. Bibliography

  14. Abstract An abstract is a summary of a body of information Sometimes, abstracts are called summaries, executive summaries or executive summaries or executive abstracts. There are two types of abstracts that are: 1. Descriptive abstracts 2. Informative abstracts

  15. The Title .It is clear or concise? Does it show any variation the study?

  16. The Problem It is clearly stated and delimited? . Whether its significance is recognised .Are hypotheses clearly stated? Are the important terms defined?

  17. Review of Related Literature Here the researcher will see whether he has adequately covered the literature? Is the researcher commented adequately? Has he justified that his studies has deviation from earlier studies?

  18. Methodology Is the research design clear and described in detail? Is the method adequate? Is the sampling procedure correct? Are data collecting tools appropriate? Are validity and reliability of tools established? Is the statistical treatment appropriate? Is the representation of data comprehensive and understandable?