Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
IMPORTANT EVERGREEN SOCIAL ISSUES ssue Women Empowerment (Part 1 of 5) Presented By Roman Saini
Point to be discussed: Overal Structure of series 1.What is it? 2.Timeline of developing the concern about it? 3.Why is it needed? 4.How to achieve it? 5.What are the challenges to achieve it? 6.What initiatives have been taken for it? 7.Conclusion
Part 1- Covered Topics 1. Understanding the Meaning of Women Empowermenit 2. Time line of development on women empowerment from first meeting Commission on Status of Women in 1946 to 1975: World Conference of the International Women's year
What is it? Literal meaning of empowerment is "Authority or power siven to someone to do something" and 93 "the process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one's life and claiming one's rights" Therefore, women empowerment may be described as to give the authority or the power to women equally that men already have.
Empowerment of women is the process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially achieving the power or authority to control her life and to claim her rights. Empowerment of women also means developing them as more aware individuals, who are politically active, economically productive, legally capable and socially independent. Moreover, it means that they are able to make intelligent discussion and right decision in matters ranging from personal to global.
Women's empowerment is seen as the process and the result of the process of 1.Challenging the ideology of male domination and women's subordinations. 2.Enabling women to gain equal access to and control over the resources- Material, Human and Intellectual
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNDFW) includes the following four components in its definition of women empowerment. These are following: 1.Acquiring knowledge and an understanding of gender/power relations 2.Developing a sense of self worth, a belief in one's ability to secure 3.Gaining the ability to generate the choices and thereby acquiring 4.Developing the ability to generate, organize or influence the direction and way in these relations may be changed. desired changes and the right to control one's life. leverage and bargaining power. of social change to create more just social and economic orders nationally and internationally
Time line of developing the concern about it: 1946:Commision on the Status of Women The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) first met at Lake Success New York, in February 1947, soon after the founding of the United Nations All 15 government representatives were women. From its inception, the Commission was supported by a unit of the United Nations that later became the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) in the UN Secretariat. From 1947 to 1962, the Commission focused on setting standards and formulating international conventions to change discriminatory legislation and foster global awareness of women's issues.
In contributing to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the CSW successfully argued against references to "men" as a synonym for humanity, and succeeded in introducing new, more inclusive language. In 1972, to mark its 25th anniversary, the Commission recommended that 1975 be designated International Women's Year-an idea endorsed by the General Assembly to draw attention to women's equality with men and to their contributions to development and peace.