HI GUYS IAM RAGHUNANDAN BTECH(CHEMICAL) LOVE TO HELP OTHERS TEACHING IS MY PASSIONS
WELCOME TO NEW COURSE .Mains 2018 and Prelims 2019 : SECURITY . SEPTEMBER 2017 - JUNE 2018 MORE IMPORTANTLY WE WILL SEE WHAT IS RELEVANCE OF THAT PATICULAR NEWS FOR PRELIMS AND MAINS TARGET AUDIENCE: ALL UPSC,STATE PSC ASPIRANTS . PLZ RATE REVIEW AND RECOMMEND & DON'T FORGET TO ENROLL
RIP Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee ii Perhaps the last politician who was respected by every Indian, every political party, and every politician He kept dignity, integrity, and humanity alive in an otherwise dirty bad world of politics A man of such grace, poise, and oratory. What a speaker An extra salute for your poetry, Atal Ji. Ye acchi baat nahi hai, ki aap akhiri baar bina kuch bole he chale gaye. Ye acchi baat nahi hai. we lost gold today ri
1. CYBER SECURITY Cybersecurity means securing the cyberspace from attack, damage, misuse and economic espionage. Cyberspace is a global domain within the information environment consisting of interdependent IT infrastructure such as Internet,Telecom networks,computer systems etc. A recent incident, where at least 10 government websites including those of the ministries of defence and home affairs, went down for several hours, highlights that cybersecurity is not taken as seriously as it should be. According to a submission in Parliament, over 700 Indian government websites, including state and central government websites, have been hacked and forced offline for varying periods in the past four o years.
Need for cybersecurity . The need for cybersecurity is all the more important for India due to following reasons: Government's digital push: Various programs of government such as Aadhaar, MyGov, Government e Market,DigiLocker, Bharat Net etc.is prompting a larger number of citizens,companies and government . agencies to transact online. Start-ups digital push: India is the third largest hub for technology-driven startups in the world and its ICT sector is estimated to reach $225 billion landmark by 2020. Increasing vulnerability: India the fifth most vulnerable country in the world in terms of cybersecurity breaches.India saw at least one cybercrime every 10 minutes during the first half of 2017 including more sophisticated cyber threats such as the WannaCry and Petya ransomware. The country accounted for .
5.09 per cent of all cyberattacks such as malware,spam and phishing attacks detected globally in 2017 Increasing cost: The estimated cost of cyber-attacks in India stands at four billion dollars which is expected to reach $20 billion in the next 10 years. Increasing internet users: India ranks 3rd in terms of number of internet users after USA and China. By . 2020,India is expected to have 730 million internet users with . Increasing online transactions: For eg: by 2020, 50% of . transactions will be via mobile. 73% of new users from rural areas. travel transactions will be online and 70% of ecommerce
Corporate and Cybersecurity Increasing cybercrime is also seeing a rising tide of corporate cyber incidents. As per an internet society e initiative, cyberattacks targeting businesses nearly doubled in the past year with 1,59,700 incidents in 2017 from 82,000 in 2016. Earlier corporates were not coming forward with such incidents but now they are lodging complaints as well as working closely with relevant institutions including police department to solve . the cases. Various incidents have come into light in recent past such as data theft from IRCTC,hacking of 17 million user
. records on Zomato,malware attack on some ATMs and POS machines of Yes Bank,unauthorised access into part of database of Reliance Jio etc. The ransom demands are also increasing. For example: Uber paid the hackers $100,000 to keep the data breach a secret. There are also evidences of national states hacking into critical national infrastructure of other nation. For example- few years ago, US intelligence agency NSA had picked up the trend of Chinese hackers targeting Indian pharmaceutical and IT companies. The national state cyberthreat is becoming very real having ar impact on sectors like IT, pharma, chemicals, defence and energy. In fact, cyberspace has been declared as the 5th dimension of warfare after land,sea, air and space.
Challenges of Cyber Security in India Data colonization: India is net exporter of information however data servers of majority of digital service providers are located outside India. Also, data is being misused for influencing electoral outcomes, spread of radicalism etc. Widespread Digital illiteracy makes Indian citizens highly susceptible to cyber fraud, cyber theft,etc. Substandard devices: In India, majority of devices used to access internet have inadequate security infrastructure making them susceptible to malwares such as recently detected SaposhF. Also, rampant e use of unlicensed software and underpaid licenses make them vulnerable as well
About Saposhi Malware It is a new malware which can create botnet and launch Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack,was detected by the security agencies. Malware or Malicious Software is any piece of software written with e the intent of doing harm to data,devices or to people. There are various kinds of Malware such as Virus, Trojans, . Ransomware,Botnets etc.
Lack of adequate infrastructure and trained staff: There are currently around 30,000 cyber security vacancies in India but demand far outstrips supply of people with required skills. Under-reporting: majority of cases of cybercrime remains unreported because of lack of awareness. Lack of coordination among various agencies working for cyber security. Private sector, despite being a major stakeholder in the cyberspace, has not been involved proactively for the security of the same.
In Ministry of Home Affairs o National cyber coordination centre (NCCC) to scan internet traffic coming into the country and provide real time situational awareness and . alert various security agencies. o A new Cyber and Information Security (CIS) Division has been created to tackle internet crimes such as cyber threats, child pornography and online stalking. Under this, Indian cyber- crime coordination centre (I4C) and Cyber Warrior Police forc
In Ministry of Electronics & IT .O Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-in) to enhance the security of India's Communications and Information Infrastructure through proactive action and effective collaboration. CERT-fin has also been launched . exclusively for financial sector. CERT-in is also .operating Cyber Swachhta Kendra, a Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre. 0 Government inaugurated the new body National Information Centre-Computer Emergency Response Team (NIC-CERT) to prevent and predict cyber-attacks on government utilities.
0 Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative to strengthen Cybersecurity ecosystem in India. It is first leverage the expertise of the IT industry in & capacity building , public-private partnership of its kind and will . cybersecurity and aims at awareness generation
Legislative Measures Information Technology Act, 2000 (amended in 2008) to provide a legal framework for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange, for data access for cybersecurity etc. A Controller of Certifying Authorities has been established under this act to license and regulate the working of Certifying Authorities which issue digital signature certificates for . electronic authentication of users.
Promote investment in cybersecurity by businesses: At present, only a part of security budget is being utilized for IT security by companies. However, considering economic . and reputational risks associated with cyber incidents the investment in IT security has to be increased with adoption of a cybersecurity plan, purchase of cyberinsurance . as well as appointment of a data security officer. Amendment of IT Act 2008: The regulations need to keep pace with the changing cyber scenario to ensure penalties .serves as deterrence for crimes. For ex: In the Indian IT . act, financial fraud is a still a bailable offence Skill development: By 2025, the cybersecurity space is expected to generate around a million jobs in India. To avoid ceding jobs to expatriates, India must establish ecosystem to develop necessary skills The idea of a National Cyber Registry "as a repository of IT professionals" may also be implemented
Cyber Insurance in India .According to industry estimates, 300- 400 cyber policies have been sold in India till date. Average cost of a cyber insurance in India is around $7.5 million. However, . compared to developed countries it is still 20-25% lesser. Challenges that this sector face includes: credibility issues, shortage of talent, requirement of massive . adoption of technology
About Budapest convention on cvbercrime This convention of the council of Europe is the only binding international instrument on this issue that addresses Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving legal authorities for investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations It deals with issues such as infringements of copyright, computer- related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security It aims to pursue a common criminal policy, especially by adopting appropriate legislation and fostering international police as well as judicial co-operation It provides for procedural law tools to make investigation of cybercrime and securing of e-evidence in relation to . any crime more effective It is supplemented by a "Protocol on Xenophobia and Racism" committed through computer systems The Convention has 56 members, including the US and the UK. India is not yet a member.
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