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Critical Reasoning Explained
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This lesson covers the topics of Critical Reasoning for XAT and Other management exams

Abhishek Khurana is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Abhishek Khurana
I am Abhishek Khurana. I completed my B.Com(H) from Panjab University in 2008 & my MBA from NMIMS in 2011.

U
Unacademy user
sir I'm interested to learn Indian Polity ,but I don't understand the subject so I feel boaring , it'll be helpful if you make me and like me many others understand the subject, we'll appreciate it
thanks , for this example
Abhishek Khurana
5 months ago
:)
SK
sir what if in option c it was written asthma has reached epidemic proportion due to mtc being used in large quantities
Thanks for this cool course!
Abhishek Khurana
7 months ago
if you like the course do rate it:)
  1. MBA (Sales & Marketing) from NMIMS 2009-2011 Batch 99.4 Percentile in CAT 2016 Five years of Experience in Teaching Abhishek Khurana


  2. Essential part of XAT Involves a short argument followed by a question Choose the best alternative out of the given option:s Critical Reasoning for XAT


  3. Premise Something that supports the author's conclusion. It may be a fact or an opinion. Conclusion : Represents the author's claim Always supported by at least one premise. Background: Almost always fact based. Not always present in the argument. Counterpoint: Opposes or goes against the conclusion of Author in some way. Building Blocks of an Argument


  4. Q1. The Expansion of runways at the Chandigarh Airport will allow for larger planes to travel to & from Chandigarh. These new planes will create a large amount of noise, a nuisance for residents who live near the airport. However, many of the residents, work in construction & the contract to expand the runways has been awarded to local construction company. Thus the expansion of the runway will lead to an increased quality of life for the residents of its neighborhood Example


  5. The Expansion of runways at the Chandigarh Airport will allow for larger planes to travel to & from Chandigarh. These new planes will create a large amount of noise, a nuisance for residents who live near the airport. However, many of the residents, work in construction & the contract to expand the runways has been awarded to local construction company. Thus the expansion of the runway will lead to an increased quality of life for the residents of its neighborhood. Background Counterpoint Premise Conclusion


  6. Step 1:Identify the question Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument Step 3:State the goal Step 4: Work from wrong to right. Approach to solve the Questions


  7. Types of questions: Assumption Conclusion Evaluate Flaw V. Strengthen VI. Weaken VIl. Inference VIII Explain a discrepancy IX. Describe the role


  8. Argument: The car is Black. Therefore the car cannot belong to Ajay. Assumption Ajay does not have a Black car. If we were to insert the assumption into the argument, it would make the argument stronger. Example of assumption


  9. Methyltetrachloride (MTC) is a chemical found in some pesticides, glues, and sealants. Exposure to MTC can cause people to develop asthma. In order to halve the nation's asthma rate, the government plans to ban all products containing MTC. The government's plan to halve the nation's asthma rate relies on which of the (A) Exposure to MTC is responsible for no less than half of the nation's (B) Products containing MTC are not necessary to the prosperity of the following assumptions? asthma cases. American economy. (C) Asthma has reached epidemic proportions. (D) Exercise and proper nutrition are helpful in maintaining respiratory health. (E) Dust mites and pet dander can also cause asthma. Example


  10. Methyltetrachloride (MTC) is a chemical found in some pesticides lu s, and sealants. Exposure to MTC can cause people to develop asthma. In order to halve the nation's asthma rate, the government plans to ban all products containing MTC. The government's plan to halve the nation's asthma rate relies on (A) Exposure to MTC is responsible for no less than half of the (B) Products containing MTC are not necessary to the prosperity of (C) Asthma has reached epidemic proportions. wh ch of the following assumptions? nati n's asthma cases. the American economy respiratory health espiratony hed ithoper nutrition are helpful in maintaining (E) Dust mites and pet dander can also cause asthma.


  11. Over the past decade, many companies have begun using automated telephone services; callers hear a machin -generated voice and a e able to select options using the numbers on the telephone keypad. Research shows that callers are more patient when the machine-generated voice is that of a woman. Thus, smaller companies that cannot afford an automated service should consider hiring women, rather than men, to interact with customers by phone Which of the following,if true, would be most damaging to the conclusion (A) Automated telephone services are becoming cheaper and cheaper every (B) Patient customers tend to order more products and return fewer products (C) A separate study indicated that the extra patience exhibited by callers is (D) Some customers prefer automated systems to talking with a live person. above? year. than impatient customers. limited to interact ons with an automated system E) On average, callers are only slightly more patient when interacting with a emale voi e, rather than a male voi e, in an automated telephone system


  12. Environmentalist: Bando Inc's manufacturing process releases pollution into the atmosphere. In order to convince the company to change processes, we will organize a bovcott of the product that represents its highest sales volume, light bulbs. Because Bando sells more light bulbs than any other product, a boycott of light bulbs will cause the most damage to the company's profits. The environmentalist's reasoning is flawed because it fails to (A) allow for the possibility that Bando may not want to change its manufacturing process reduce pollution are not necessarlly proportional to profit change its manufacturing process Bredues poistiopy information about other possible ways for Bando to (C) consider that the relative sales volumes of a company's products (D) identify any alternative methods by which to convince Bando to (E) consider that a boycott may take too long to achieve its purpose