OVERVIEW GENERAL STUDIES PAPER IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) PRESENTED BY TAMANNA CHAUDHARY
ABOU I NvE Graduation in B.A (p) with ComputerApplications from DU. o Had done B.ED from GGSIPU. o Had done Post Graduation in M.A English from IGNOU. o Had done Post Graduation in M.A Philosophy. o Pursuing Masters in Psychology o Passionate about teachingand travelling My hobbies are sketching and listening to music. o Iam a civil services aspirants. o Teaching Experience of 2yrs in various coaching centers.
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OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE This course is mainly designed for the students who are preparing for the Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC. Ever since the introduction of Ethics Paper in IAS Mains General Studies (GS Paper 4), Civil Services aspirants are in a dilemma. As ethics is not a conventional area taught in schools/ colleges, it is quite natural from the candidates point of view to ponder about the questions to be asked from the same, but there is no need to panic and if properly handled, this area can in-factturn high scoring. Ethics as a subject has its roots in Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology and Public Administration. Through this course, I will be explaining the basic concepts and key points that will help one acing the UPSC mains. o Simple understanding of complexphilosophies. o Practical interpretations of quotes.
GENERAL STUDIES IV ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE What is tested in paper and probity in public life. and conflicts in dealing with society. o Your attitude and approach relating to integrity o Your problem solving approach to various issues
CONSTITUTION OF PAPER SECTION 1 (120-125 MARKS) Meaning of terms Meaning of quotations Discussions Debates o SECTION 2: CASE STUDIES (125-130 MARKS) TOTAL MARKS 250
Paper General Studies IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered. hie
1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values. thic
Right to prisacy Freedsm ef speech rom penerfal corperates Freedom of Press Ethical issees in Jearnalism and prist media la persesal life Frem State Use of Wolrace to maintain public order Gandhian prisciple of sea-iikece Passive resistance vis viekeat pretests Sor the right cause Terture to estract evidence frem accused jastified? larality of vien Pablic spbere etics-Law&de Code of ethiks in Prist nedia Remedial isses for malpractices Media Erks risis coneunicatien Raisieg secial coancenecSial respoasibility and media International ethics (detailed later) Medera nedia lading to Moral degradatis of pesple Otbers Organ deeatie Aberten Surregacy atioeal Film Certification beard related insacs lacensered ceatcet& pablic peralityEthic in Prducing and Screening of Mevies Drawiagalne bw Art&Olsceraity Biedhics (views nirguments e.) Claing et Right to Private Property 's Sustaisable develepmest Iatriasic valer ef wild Iide aad biediversity GMO Grne therapy Spern and Egg deaation Euthanasia Huma greed, sncedH EBVirvanntal ethics Need for Bioregoealsn laternational dimensioas (detailed ehrebere) riscigle of et estrality State-spensored yber attacks and espieaage Freedom ef Speech Right to Princy is Cyber security Cyber ethics
Vedas Kautilvan viev of ethics- Relevance in present situation Kautilya Ethics in Indian philosophy Gita Others Dayanand Saraswati Ethics in Buddhism, Jainism and others Human Vaues-Lessons from Leaders Raja Ran Mohan Roy Gandhian ethics Ramakrishna Paramhansa etc. Vivekananda
Meta-ethics (assumptions behind ethics) Definition Comparison with Darwin's theory of evolution Purpose served by Ethics Self-interest v/s interest of others Significance in human lives Spiritualism Materialism Ethics, Morality & Values (difference) HedonismUltimate goal of human life Ethics-Essence Stoicism Ethics v/s Laws, principles, norms & rules Humanism etc. Conscience, Social norms, Religion and Ethics Prudence h Courage Utilitarianism Rationalism Cardinal human virtues Temperance Justice Intuitionalism Objective and subjective ethics Consequentialism Evaluation of human actions Universalism Deontology etc.
Should it depend on conditions? Instrumental v/s intrinsie value of life Capital punishmeat? Euthanasia? Object of action Right to Life Micro-determinants Purpose (intention) of action Human Rights Circumstances of action Liberalism etc Legal Social Self-defence Macro-determinants HPolitical Economical Historical ete Majority interest v/s minority interest Ethics-Determinants Those who act Those who are forced to act Those who omit an act Those who facilitate (persuade for) the act Societal interest vis individual interest Responsibility of moral agents Love as the existential basis for moral order Constant vis dynamic morality Free will Humanism Moral Consciousness
2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. hie
3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. hic
I intelligence-concepts, and their utiliti application in administration and governance thic
Trest with Pabl Sacial opital Better coafict reseli Better mun manemest and leadenhip ek Imprtance a bureaucT Defiaitio Ceaities and applicatin in adninistrabive nd gveranc Pre-active v's paesive inplemestatin Creter onpiryCopkenetiso ok More citiuen-centric iatiativs etc Enuival Saf-avarans an cnaly atelligent admisistratw Enply Criec CommunicainH El in Art Scial ski Compariwa of EQ wih 10 Kee-ledge worker, aad sork teams Oraintions&Manemat Meivati Prodetivin
5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. hic
Vedas Kautilvan view of ethics Ethics in Indian philosophy Gita Kautilya Relevance in present situation Others Dayanand Saraswati Ethics in Buddhism, Jainism and others Human Vaues Lessons from Leaders Raja Ram Mohan Roy Gandhian ethics Ramakrishna Paramhansa etc. Vivekananda
Any other ideas that you may have Right Training Civil society Participatory governance Right reruitment Citizens Strengthening Moral and Ethical values in Governance Media accountability Citizen's charter Code of conduct andethics RTI
USA to Pakistan China to PakistanH Nation to nation USA to Myanmar IMF Least Developed Nations Competition & inequality between nations . H Island Nations African Nations Conditional aids International bodies to nations World Bank Military interveations Nuclear weapons & NPT Heavy manufacturing and export of arms Defence UNSC Skewed governance structures of Int.Or ICC Ethics in Internation Relations and Funding Cyber Attacks Net Neutrality Espionage by US Assisting wars Responsibility to protect Middle East turmoil African states Internet governance Imposition of democracy Pakistan Common but differentiated responsibilities China State-sponsored terrorism USA Enviroamental degradationHistorical emissions Arctic venture
Need Content Eaforcement issae Internaliration in Cvil Services Delinition Codes of Ethics Absence of corruptisas Presence of elfective laws, rules etc. Requirements -Fair implementation of laws, rules ctc. Lezal framework Performanct Probity Institutioas to ensure the abov Accountability ranspareacy Confidentiality Management of coaflict of interests IssuesRight to Information Limitatioas Iaformative sharig ad traspartacy ia gaeracProbity in Governance-l Improvisatisas E povernance E-povernment Democratization of information Why need pablic srvice? Sevice orientation Pablic v's private (market) services difference State vi's market debate (basies) Concept of public snice Concopt of a welfare state In Indian scriptures(edas,Gita etc.) Western thaughtPhilesophical basis of gwernance and probity In eastern philesophy Maxim of Collective good happiness
Eficicncy Ecopsary Canons of Proprietary For Ministers Moaitering ef funds Codes of Conduct Receat changes Related issues IssuesH Fund transfer from Centre to State Code ef ceaduct vis-a-vis Code of ethics Utbiliration of public fuads Funds for Ceatral Secter Schemes Department to Department Ceatre to State Issue of multiple treaseriesState to District District to panchayats Structure Issees Improvements How it impreves governance Problems in release of funds from Citizen's Charters Probity in Governance-II Rele of CAG- critical analvsis Audit of accounts Importance of a conducive work culture Motivational facters Merale of public servants Rewards &Incentives Time bound delivery Respoasiveness Puncteality Delay pathy Lack of one-pess Grievance redress | Quality of serice delivery A comparisen with private secter Sevettam Model Work calture Shortcoming Otbers PaMic vs private werk calture Issae of bringing cempetition within Gverament depts How can work culture be improved:
Is inefficiency corruption Is poor quality and delayed service corruption? Arguments in favour Exact definition Not disclosing known corruption? Arguments against . Issue of Constitutional protection to Civil servants Obstruction of justice, corruption? Other relevant questions Second ARC's recommendations Legal-institutional Historical Cultural Political Citizen awareness Others Whistleblowers act ProtectionH Whistleblowers Ethical issues Corruption Roots and causes of corruption Systemic reforms in government Political reforms Social audit Participatory governance Citizen's charter and grievance redressal E-governance Adopting new philosophy of Public management Others Lokpal CBI CVC Others Reforms to tackle corruption Institutions to fight corruption
9. Case Studies on above issues. thic
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