Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Download
Classification of Himalaya - 2 (in Hindi)
27 plays

More
North plain area

Surender Singh
#M.Sc Geography # PG diploma in environment education .4years teaching experience#Geography NET qualified #2013 UPSC mains qualified .

U
Unacademy user
Kindly provide lectures on other topics 🙏🏻
  1. India divided into seven physical divisions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The Northern Mountains The North Indian Plain The Peninsular Plateau The central highland Great Indian Desert The coastal Regions Islands The Himalayan Range m Pla S Deccan Plateau BY: SURENDER SINGH 34


  2. indian Ocoan Indian Plate Formation of Himalayas Indian Subcontinent India today Pi te Eurasian Plate 10 million years ago continestal crust oceanic crus aesthenosphere 38 mante 71 Continental crust Continental crust r00 oceanic crust 200 BY: SURENDER SINGH 40


  3. Greater Himalayas or Himadri Lesser Himalayas or Himachal Shiwaliks or Outer Himalayas Peninsular Plateau Tibetan Plateau Indo-Gangetic Plain Bases of the Geoayacline made up of hard erystalline rock BY: SURENDER SINGH 41


  4. Knee-bend flexures that are called syntaxial bends Syntaxial Bends of Himalayas Nango Parbat Namcha Barwa BY: SURENDER SINGH 37


  5. HIMALAYAN REGIONS FROM WEST TO EAST umaap Himalayas Himalayas Himalayas Punjab Punjab Himalayas: This part lies between the Indus and Sutlej. They are also known as KashmirPAKISTAN Himalaya and Himachal Himalaya. Himalayas Sharda&Tista Rivers) Dihang or Siang Rivers NDIA MA1OR RIVERS O Kumaon Himalayas: This part lies between Sutlej and Kali rivers Nepal Himalayas:This part lies between the Kali and Tista rivers. Assam Himalayas: This part lies between the Tista and Dihang rivers. MYAN 20 20 BAYOF HENGAL water Divide The division has been done on the basis of the rivers flowing BY: SURENDER SINGH 43


  6. The Himalayan Mountains can be further divided into following major ranges Trans Himalayas Greater Himalaya (Inner Himalaya) Middle Himalaya .Outer Himalaya (Shivalik Range/ Himachals) 2 1. Great Himalaya 2. Lesser Himalaya 3. Shiwaliks BY: SURENDER SINGH 46


  7. Trans Himalayas Immediate to the north of the Great Himalayan Range Most of the part of this Himalayan range lies in the Tibet and hence also called Tibetan Himalaya Ranges - Zaskar, K2 (Godwin Austin), Ladakh, Kailash and Karakoram Range The highest peak of Karakoram range is Mount K-2 (8611 m) which is also known as Godwin-Austin or Qagir. BY: SURENDER SINGH 47


  8. Greater Himalaya (Inner Himalaya) OR HIMADRI Average height 600 1200 mts Most of the Dun & Duars are located in this range Ex. Dehradun, Patlidun (longitudinal valleys) Deciduous type forests The core of this part is composed of granite. All the prominent Himalayan peaks are in this range. Famous glaciers like the Siachen Glacier, the Gangotri and Yamunotri, etc. Greater Himalayas or Himadri Lesser Himalayas or Himachal Shiwaliks or Outer Himalayas Peninsular Plateau Tibetan Plateau Indo-Gangetic Plain Bases of the Geosyocline made up of hard erystalline rock


  9. Greater Himalaya (Inner Himalaya) OR HIMADRI Peak Mt. Everest Kanchenjunga Makalu Dhaulagiri Nanga Parbat Annapurna Nanda Devi Kamet Namcha Barwa Gurla Mandhata Country Nepal India Nepal Nepal India Nepal India India India Nepal Height (in Mtrs) 8848 8598 8481 8172 8126 8078 7817 7756 7756 7728 BY: SURENDER SINGH 51


  10. TAJIKISTAN 88001 8611 m Broad Peak 8586 m ,"K2. 8,051 m 8611 m 8600 GasherbruMH 8400 FGHANISTAN Nanga Parbat 8,080 m AFGHANISTAN- 8126 m 8080 m 8051 m 8200 8036 m 8,126m Gasherbrum ll6000 7816 m 8,036 m 7800 7600 7400 Nanda Devi 7,816 m CHINA TIBET) PAKISTAN NEPAL Kanchenjunga e. , -? 8,586 mBHUTAN I N D A 50 BY: SURENDER SINGH


  11. Inner Himalaya or Greater Himalaya Inner Himalaya or greater Himalaya Vedic names are Himadri & Bahirgiri. It is the highest mountain range of the world Mount Everest (8848 m): Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. It is located in Nepal. It is also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolangma in China. BY: SURENDER SINGH 49


  12. Outer Himalaya (Shivalik Range/ Himachals) Always covered with snow Known as Himadri Average height 6000 mts Most continuous range Core composed of granite Ranges Mt. Everest, Kanchenjunga Forests type Needle leaved coniferous BY: SURENDER SINGH 53


  13. The North Indian Plain The Plain is formed by depositional work of Rivers Indus, Ganga & Brahamputra 1 2400 km long & varying in width from 240 to approx. 320 km Divided into three sections 2 3 1. The Punjab Plain (Indus) 2. The Ganga Plain 3. The Brahmaputra Plain 1. Punjab Plains 2. Ganga Plains 3. Brahmaputra Plains BY: SURENDER SINGH


  14. The North Indian Plain Punjab Plains is formed by the Indus and its tributaries with 1. major portion of this plains in 2. Ganga Plains is between Ghaggar 3. Brahmaputra Plains From Tista to 1 Pakistan. 2 3 and Tista rivers. Dihang. 1. Punjab Plains 2. Ganga Plains 3. Brahmaputra Plains BY: SURENDER SINGH 56


  15. Bhabhar It is about 8-16 km wide running in east-west direction along the foothills (alluvial fans) of the Shiwaliks. They show a remarkable continuity from the Indus to the Tista. The Bhabar belt is comparatively narrow in the east .The area is not suitable for agriculture BY: SURENDER SINGH 58


  16. The Terai The Terai is about15-30 km wide. The underground streams of the Bhabar belt re-emerge in this belt. Most of the Terai land, especially in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, has been turned into agriculturalland which gives good crops of sugarcane, rice and wheat. North Tibet (China) Mid Hills Teral Region Himalaya Region India BY: SURENDER SINGH 59


  17. The Bhangar The Bhangar is the older alluvium along the river beds forming terraces higher than the flood plain. Rabi season crop 9. BY: SURENDER SINGH 60


  18. The Peninsular Plateaus INDIA Triangular in shape; composed of the oldest rocks & Surrounded by hills Narmada Tapi divides it into 2 parts viz. Central highland 8& Deccan plateau (Peninsular plateau region) entral Highlands.- Deccan platea Arabian sea Bay of Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Lakshadweep Indian Occan BY: SURENDER SINGH 63


  19. The Central Highlands Lies to the north of the Narmada river between Aravali in North & Vindhya range in south Covers the major portion of the Malwa plateau (Madhya Pradesh) Further extension of it is Bundelkhand, Bhaghelkhand & Chhota Nagpur Plateau The Central Highlands Thar Desert hari Chota Nagpuir dhya of ras The Deccan Plateau Chambal & Betwa flows through it Kutc SatPu Deccan Plateau> Sundarban Region known as Bedland (Not fit for cultivation) An daman Cardamo BY: SURENDER SINGH


  20. Division of Peninsular Plateau The Central HighlandThe Central Highlands .Malwa Plateau Bundelkhand .Baghelkhand Chotanagpur Plateau The Deccan Plateau .Deccan Trap Western Ghats .Eastern Ghats North-EastExtension har Desert Chota Nagpur Vindhyas e De Plateau BY: SURENDER SINGH 64


  21. India divided into seven physical divisions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The Northern Mountains The North Indian Plain The Peninsular Plateau The central highland Great Indian Desert The coastal Regions Islands The Himalayan Range m Pla S Deccan Plateau BY: SURENDER SINGH 34