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Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 4: Ethics In Governance Roman Saini
Course Structure Lokayukta 6. Lokpal 7. Citizen Initiative to Control the 8. Ethical Role of Media and 1. 4th Report- Preface 2. Outline of Fourth Report 3. Recommendations of 4th Ombudsman Corruption report 1. Reforms into Institutional 9. Use of Information Technology nd Ethical Framework to combat the Corruption 2. Reforms in Civil Services 3. Ethical Framework for the 10. Promoting Competition 11. Proactive vigilance on Judiciary corruption 4. Modification and Enactment of Important Acts/Laws Introducing New Laws 4. Conclusion 5.
7.Citizen Initiative to Control the Corruption Citizens' Charters should be made effective by stipulating the service levels and also the remedy if these service levels are not met. Citizens may be involved in the assessment and maintenance of ethics in important government institutions and offices Reward schemes should be introduced to incentivize citizen's initiatives. School awareness programmes should be introduced, highlighting the importance of ethics and how corruption can be combated
8.Ethical Role of Media It is necessary to evolve norms and practices requiring proper screening of all allegations/complaints by the media, and taking action to put them in the public domain. The electronic media should evolve a Code of Conduct and a self regulating mechanism in order to adhere to a Code of Conduct as a safeguard against malafide action Government agencies can help the media in the fight against corruption by disclosing details about corruption cases regularly
9.Use of Information Technology to combat the Corruption Each Ministry/Department/Organization of Government should draw up a plan for use of IT to improve governance Intany governmenrpro ess iseyo information Technology shouald be made only after the existing procedures have been thoroughly re-engineered The Ministry of Information and Technology needs to identify certain governmental processes and then take up a project of their computerization on a nationwide scale. For computerization to be successful, computer knowledge of departmental officers needs to be upgraded
Similarly, the NIC needs to be trained in department specific activities, so that they could appreciate each other's view point and also ensure that technology providers understand the anatomy of each department. Monitoring Complaints ; All offices having large public interface should have an online complaint tracking system. If possible, this task of complaint tracking should be outsourced
10.Systemic Reform- Promoting Competition Every Ministry/Department may undertake an immediate exercise to identify areas where the existing monopoly of functions, can be tempered with competition. A similar exercise may be done at the level of State Governments and local bodies. Some Centrally Sponsored schemes could be restructured so as to provide incentives to States that take steps to promote competition in service delivery. All new national policies on subjects having large public interface (and amendments to existing policies on such subjects) should invariably address the issue of engendering competition Simplifying Transactions There is need to bring simplification of methods to the center-stage of administrative reforms A system of rewards and incentives for simplification and streamlining of procedures may be introduced in each government organization
Reducing discretion ; All government offices having public interface should undertake a review of their activities and list out those which involve use of discretion. In all such activities, attempt should be made to eliminate discretion than individuals. State Governments should take steps on similar lines, especially in local bodies and authorities, which have maximum public contact'
11.Proactive vigilance on corruption There should be a 'Risk Management for Preventive Vigilance' Taking proactive vigilance measures should primarily be the responsibility of the head of the office. Supervisory officers should assess the integrity of his/her subordinates based on his/her handling of cases, complaints and feedback from different sources. This could then become an important input for risk profiling of officers. Vigilance Network ; A national database containing the details of all corruption cases at all levels should be created. This database should be in the public domain Identified authorities should be made responsible for updating the database regularly
Conclusion The Commission believes that this Report on Ethics in Governance is among the most important that this Commission has been called upon to write, because increased honesty in governance would have a major impact on the everyday lives of the people of India. When the recommendations in this report are implemented, greater efficiency in government work and accountability would be achieved, because more public servants would work not with a private agenda but for the larger public good