CHAPTER-7 OUR COUNTRY INDIA PRESENTED BY Dr. SWASTI SINHA
North-Himalayas . West-Arabian Sea East-Bay of Bengal .South-Indian Ocean . Peninsula Total Area of India-3.28 million km sq. North-South Extent- 3200km East-West Extent 2900 km Unity in diversity e
2nd most populous country after China LOCATIONAL SETTING In Northern Hemisphere Tropic Of Cancer passes halfway-8 states Extends from 8 degree 4minutes to 37 degree 6minutes North latitudes (from North to South) Extends from 68 degrees 7minutes to 97 degrees 25 minutes longitudes Indian standard time 82 degrees 30 minutes
States through which the Tropic of Cancer passes. INDIA ADIACENT COUNTRIES 36N . 36 N AFGHANISTAN AND KASHMIR 32 32 CHINA TIBET) PAKISTAN 28 UTTAR PRADE RAJABTHAN 24 Tropic of CancerPRADESFAO 24 2 ARAT 20 Tnea MYANMAR 20 OCISHA MAHARASHTRA ARABIAN SEA BAY OF BENGA L
INDIA'S NEIGHBOURS 7countries sharing land boundaries with India 1. Afghanistan 106km, Jammu and Kashmir Pakistan 3323km, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. China 3488km, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Assam, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh 4. Nepal 1751km, Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim. 5. 699km long border, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Bhutan Sikkim Bangladesh 4096 km, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram) 7. Myanmar 1643km long, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland. Island neighbours-Sri Lanka (100m border-Ramsetu or Adams Bridge)and Maldives Palk Strait-separates India and Sri Lanka
Afghanistan China Pakistan New Delrs Nepal Bhutan IN DIA Bangladesh Myanmar Bay of Bengal Arabian Sea Andaman Nicobar o Islands Sri Lanka Indian Ocean Mip not to scale
POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS .29 States, 7 UT National Capital = Delhi . States formed on the basis of language * Rajasthan Goa
PHYSICAL DIVISIONS A. HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINS 1. The Great Himalayas or Himadri in North 2. Middle Himalayas or Himachal 3. Shivalik B. NORTHERN INDIAN PLANES C. THE GREAT INDIAN DESERTS D. THE PENINSULAR PLATEAU E. THE COASTAL PLAINS F ISLANDS
A. HIMALAYAN MOUNTAINS . North-lofty Snow capped 3 parallel ranges 1. The Great Himalayas or Himadri 2. Middle Himalayas or Himachal 3. Shivalik
B. NORTHERN INDIAN PLANES South of Himalayas Level and flat Alluvial deposits-by rivers Provide fertile land for cultivation High concentration of population ALLUVAIL DEPOSITS TRIBUTARY .
D. THE PENINSULAR PLATEAU . South of Northern Plains Triangular in shape . Highly uneven relief Numerous hill ranges and valleys Aravalli hills on its north west side Vindhyas and Satpura ranges-important ranges, Narmada and Tapi River flow through it. Western Ghats or Sahyadris on the West, Eastern Ghats on the eastern side Rich in minerals-coal and iron ore.
F. ISLANDS Two groups 1. Lakshadweep-in Arabian Sea, Coral Islands off the coast of Kerala Andaman and Nicobar Islands-lie to the southeast of the Indian mainland in Bay of Bengal. 2.