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Chapter 1 : Population
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Population

Kanika Dasan
I have pursued my bachelors and masters degree in Law. I have deep interest in the social sciences, and the passion for the same drives me i

U
Unacademy user
hello maam first of all thank you for such a best course
  1. POPULATION


  2. POPULATION EXPLOSION . The rapid increase in numbers of a particular species, especially in the world's human population since the end of World War II attributed to an accelerating birth rate, a decrease in infant mortality, and an increase in life expectancy.


  3. FACTS SHOWING POPULATION GROWTH IN INDIA In today's scenario, out of every sic persons in the world is from India. . As China is constantly showing lower growth in its population over the last few years, it is now estimated that by 2030, India will most likely overtake China in terms of the population. . The states Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar account 40% of country's total population and still have an alarming high birth rate. With the present growth rate, life for most Indians would be unbearable- medical facilities would be difficult to provide, expenses on education would become exclusive prerogative of elites and scarcity of food would plunge more than half the nation below poverty line.


  4. CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH Widening gap between birth and death rates Child marriage High illiteracy Religious attitude towards family planning


  5. EFFECTS OF POPULATION EXPLOSION The growth of population has direct effect on the living standards of people. Therefore, despite our spectacular progress in the agricultural and industrial spheres since independence, our per capita income has not risen appreciably. A majority of population are lacking one or many of the 5 parameters of House Misery Index: . Pucca housing . Safe drinking water Electricity . Sanitation (toilet) . Fuel for cooking


  6. POPULATION POLICY .According to the UN, population policy in its narrower sense, is an effort to affect the size, structure and distribution of population. In the broader range, it includes efforts to regulate economic and social conditions which are likely to have demographic consequences. Types of population policy suggested: . Ante natal policy which aims at discouraging the growth of population Distributional policy which deals with distributional imbalances of the population


  7. AIM OF POPULATION POLICY IN INDIA . Decrease birth rate Limiting the number of children in family to two Decreasing the mortality regarding consequences of galloping . Creating awareness among masses populatiorn . Procuring necessary contraceptives Enacting laws like legalizing abortion . Giving incentives as well disincentives . Checking concentration of people in congested areas . Providing necessary public services for effective set erfices to less populated areas in new areas . Relocation of offices to less populated areas


  8. POPULATION POLICY COMMITTEE . It was created in 1952 and a Family Planning Research and Programme Committee in 1953. A Central Family Planning Board was created in 1956 which emphasised on sterilizations.


  9. SWAMINATHAN COMMITTEE(1994) . Stabilizing population by achieving a total fertility rate of 2.1 by 2010. Implementing a speedy and effective minimum needs program . Replacing the present vertically structured family welfare with decentralised democratic planning through panchayats, nagar palikas and state legislatures. Involving all agencies in population control measures Abandoning idea of fixing targets for the use of specific contraceptive methods b central and state governments, except the oal achieving the national average of ertility rate.


  10. Contd... Discontinuing incentives in cash or kind to contraceptive users and motivators. Appointing a State Population and Social Development Commission to plan, implement and monitor the population policy of the country. . Family planning has become a responsibility of women alone. As such there is a need for checking the trend of putting the entire responsibility for family limitation on women.