SALIENT FEATURES OF WORLD PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
DEFINITION: Geo-denotes to "Earth," and graphy stands for "picture or writing."Geography is the study of earth Greek scholar 'Eratosthenes' is credited with the first use of the word geography .He is also known as the "father of geography SALIENT FEATURES: IMPORTANT FACTS - CONTINENTS- RIVER LAKES OCEANS - MOUNTAINS TRIBES STRAITS
IMPORTANT FACTS: Continents 7: (Based on Size) Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antartica, Europe Australia Continent with largest number of countries - Africa. Continent without desert Europe. Oceans 4 : (Based on Size) Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Artic. Largest salt water lake - Caspian Sea (Europe). Largest fresh water lake - L.Superior(N.America).
Largest Continent: Smallest Continent: Highest Mountain: Asia, 17,212,000 square miles Australia, 3,132,000 square miles Mount Everest, Himalayan Mountains, Nepal-Tibet, 29,035 feet above sea level Lowest Point on Land: The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, water surface 1,349 feet below sea level Deepest Underwater Trench: Mariana Trench, 200 miles southwest of Guam in the Pacific Ocean, 36,198 feet below the ocean surface The Mediterranean Sea, 1,144,800 square miles Largest Sea:
The highest navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru, 12,500 feet above sea level Highest Lake: Lowest Lake: The Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, surface of water 1,349 feet below sea level Largest Lake: Caspian Sea, 152,239 square miles Largest Freshwater Lake: Lake Superior, U.S.-Canada, 31,820 square miles Pacific Ocean, average depth 13,215 feet Deepest Ocean: Largest Ocean: Pacific Ocean, 60,060,700 square miles
Smallest Ocean: Arctic Ocean, 5,427,000 square miles Largest Gulf: Gulf of Mexico, 615,000 square miles Largest Bay: The Bay of Bengal, 1,300,000 square miles Largest Island: Largest Peninsula: Largest Archipelago: Greenland, 839,999 square miles Arabia, 1,250,000 square miles Indonesia, 3,500-mile stretch of 17,000 islands Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Arizona, U.S 217 miles long, 4-18 miles wide, 1 mile deep Largest Gorge: Hells Canyon, Snake River, Idaho, 7,900 feet deep Deepest Gorge:
The Andes of South America, 5,000 miles Longest Mountain Range: Longest River: The Nile, Africa, 4,180 miles Shortest River: The Roe, Montana, U.S., 200 feet long Largest River: The Amazon, South America, basin of 2,500,000 square miles Ob River, Russia, 550 miles long, up to 50 miles wide Longest Estuary: Largest Lagoon: Lagoa dos Patos, Brazil, 150 miles long, 4,500 square miles Largest Waterfall: Angel Falls, Venezuela, 3,212 feet high
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